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Models Used in the USA for the Evaluation of Pesticide Exposure, Hazard and Risk Assessment

  • Mark H. Russell
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NAIV, volume 2)

Abstract

A wide range of models are currently being used by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Office of Pesticide Programs to provide regulatory estimates of environmental exposures from labelled uses of pesticides in agriculture . Additional models and modeling concepts have been developed to address various aspects of hazard assessment as well as the overall evaluation of ecological risk resulting from pesticide use. Current groundwater exposure models include SCI-GROW and PRZM3 while surface water estimates involve use of GENEEC, PRZM3, EXAMS and MUSCRAT. A number of probabilistic exposure modeling and risk assessment concepts have been endorsed by a recent EPA workgroup called ECOFRAM (Ecological Committee on FIFRA Risk Assessment Methods).

Keywords

Risk Quotient Tile Drainage Potential Concentration High Tier Hazard Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    USEPA/EFED, (1998) “A Comparative Analysis of Ecological Risks from Pesticides and Their Uses: Background, Methodology & Case Study”,. Current methods and proposals for comparative methods. Document provided on Model CD, November. 1998Google Scholar
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    Barrett, Michael (1998). SCI-GROW (Screening Concentration in Groundwater). Manual and software provided on Model CD.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark H. Russell
    • 1
  1. 1.DuPont Agricultural ProductsWilmingtonUSA

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