Indication for biopsy: haematuria
This means that haematuria is the main clinical abnormality, with or without proteinuria under the nephrotic range, with normal renal excretory function, with or without hypertension. If function is abnormal, the approach to the study of the specimen is considered in the sections on acute renal failure or chronic renal failure, as appropriate.
KeywordsArthritis Proteinuria Nephritis Glomerulonephritis Purpura
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Further reading: haematuria
- Jennette JC, Olson JL, Schwartz MM, Silva FG, editors. Heptinstall’s pathology of the kidney. Fifth edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven,1998. Chapters 12, 27.Google Scholar
- Tisher CC, Brenner BM, editors. Renal pathology with clinical and functional correlations. Second edition. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, 1994. Chapters15, 39.Google Scholar