Indication for biopsy: proteinuria

  • Alexander J. Howie


This means proteinuria below the nephrotic range, under 3g total protein output in the urine per 24 hours. This may be called asymptomatic proteinuria because the person has no oedema to indicate the nephrotic syndrome. There is no haematuria and excretory function is apparently normal, but there may be hypertension.


Nephrotic Syndrome Lupus Nephritis Renal Biopsy Membranous Nephropathy Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Further reading: proteinuria

  1. Howie AJ. Segmental sclerosing glomerular lesions. Pediat Nephrol 1993; 7:370–374.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Howie AJ, Lee SJ, Green NJ, et al. Different clinicopathological types ofsegmental sclerosing glomerular lesions in adults. Nephrol Dial Transplant 1993; 8: 590–599.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Jennette JC, Olson JL, Schwartz MM, Silva FG, editors. Heptinstall’spathology of the kidney. Fifth edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven,1998. Chapters 6,11, 21, 24.Google Scholar
  4. Korbet SM. Primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. J Amer Soc Nephrol1998; 9: 1333–1340.Google Scholar
  5. Tisher CC, Brenner BM, editors. Renal pathology with clinical and functional correlations. Second edition. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, 1994. Chapters 11,13, 38.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander J. Howie
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PathologyUniversity of BirminghamUK

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