Indication for biopsy: proteinuria
This means proteinuria below the nephrotic range, under 3g total protein output in the urine per 24 hours. This may be called asymptomatic proteinuria because the person has no oedema to indicate the nephrotic syndrome. There is no haematuria and excretory function is apparently normal, but there may be hypertension.
KeywordsNephrotic Syndrome Lupus Nephritis Renal Biopsy Membranous Nephropathy Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
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Further reading: proteinuria
- Jennette JC, Olson JL, Schwartz MM, Silva FG, editors. Heptinstall’spathology of the kidney. Fifth edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven,1998. Chapters 6,11, 21, 24.Google Scholar
- Korbet SM. Primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. J Amer Soc Nephrol1998; 9: 1333–1340.Google Scholar
- Tisher CC, Brenner BM, editors. Renal pathology with clinical and functional correlations. Second edition. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, 1994. Chapters 11,13, 38.Google Scholar