Timber Plantations, Timber Supply and Forest Conservation

  • David Tomberlin
  • Joseph Buongiorno
  • José Alvarado Alegría
  • Kaisa Korhonen
  • Matti Palo
Part of the World Forests book series (WFSE, volume 3)


Already supplying an estimated 27% of the world’s industrial roundwood,timber plantations have the potential to produce much more over the coming decades.This article explores the role of timber plantations in timber supply and forest conservationthrough 2010. Harvest projections from a forest sector model are comparedto a recent estimate of plantation timber production to assess plantations’ likelycontribution to timber supply in major timber-producing countries. Results suggestthat, in most countries, plantation production is unlikely to increase enough to reduceharvest pressure on natural forests.

Key words

Timber plantations timber supply conservation international trade 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amacher, G. S., Rios M., Constanino L. and Brazee, J.R. 1998.The Design of Second Best Forest Incentives in Small OpenEconomies. Forest Science 44(1): 165–175.Google Scholar
  2. Binkley, CS. 1997. Preserving Nature through Intensive PlantationForestry: The Case for Forestland Allocation with Illustrationsfrom British Columbia. Forestry Chronicle 73(5):553–559.Google Scholar
  3. Brown, C. 1997. In Depth Country Study — New Zealand. Asia-PacificForestry Sector Outlook Study Working Paper No.5. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome.Google Scholar
  4. Brown, C. 1998. Global Forest Products Outlook Study: ThematicStudy on Plantations. FAO Forestry Planning and StatisticsBranch Thematic Study. Food and Agriculture Organisationof the United Nations, Rome.Google Scholar
  5. Carrere, R. and Lohmann L. 1996. Pulping the South: IndustrialTree Plantations and the World Paper Economy. ZedBooks Ltd., London.Google Scholar
  6. Cody, H.M. 1998a. Latin American Demand, Trade, and GlobalCompetition Expanding. Pulp and Paper 72(10): 47–50.Google Scholar
  7. Cody, H.M. 1998b. Aracruz Continues Leadership Tradition withRecent Modernization. Pulp and Paper 72(10): 55–64.Google Scholar
  8. Coleman, M. 1998. Tropical Forestry: Acacia Plantations in Indonesia.TAPPI Journal 81(12): 43–49.Google Scholar
  9. DiNicola, A., Jones, D.J. and Gray, G. 1997. Opportunities forForestry Investment in Asia and the Pacific Through CarbonOffset Initiatives. Asia-Pacific Forestry Sector OutlookStudy Working Paper No. 29. Food and Agriculture Organisationof the United Nations, Rome.Google Scholar
  10. Evans, J. 1992. Plantation Forestry in the Tropics: Tree Plantingfor Industrial, Social, Environmental, and AgroforestryPurposes. Second Edition. Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  11. FAO 1997. State of the World’s Forests 1997. Food and AgricultureOrganisation of the United Nations, Rome.Google Scholar
  12. FAO 1998a. Asia-Pacific Forestry Towards 2010: Report of theAsia-Pacific Forestry Sector Outlook Study. Food and AgricultureOrganisation of the United Nations, Rome.Google Scholar
  13. FAO 1998b. FAOSTAT Data Program. Food and AgricultureOrganisation of the United Nations, Rome.Google Scholar
  14. Hammond, D. 1997. Commentary on Forest Policy in the Asia-PacificRegion. Asia-Pacific Forest Sector Outlook StudyWorking Paper No. 22. Food and Agriculture Organisationof the United Nations, Rome.Google Scholar
  15. Hopmans, P., Prabhu, R., Brand, D., Nambiar, S. and Cossalter, C. 1998. Development of Criteria and Indicators for Tropical Plantation Forests. ITTO Update 8(3): 8–9.Google Scholar
  16. Indonesian Ministry of Forestry 1998. Country Report on Indonesia.Asia-Pacific Forestry Sector Outlook Study WorkingPaper No. 45.Google Scholar
  17. Japanese Forestry Agency 1998. Japan-In-Depth Country Study.Asia-Pacific Forestry Sector Outlook Study Working PaperNo. 15. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UnitedNations, Rome.Google Scholar
  18. Jelvez, A., Blatner, K. and Govett, R. 1990. Forest Managementand Production in Chile: A Growing Role for Exports. Journalof Forestry 83(3): 30–34.Google Scholar
  19. Kaimowitz, D., and Angelsen, A. 1998. Economic Models ofDeforestation: A Review. Center for Intemational ForestryResearch (CIFOR), Bogor.Google Scholar
  20. Lyon, K. S. and Sedjo, R.A. 1992. Comparative Advantage inTimber Supply: Lessons from History and the Timber SupplyModel. In R Nemetz (ed.), Emerging Issues in ForestPolicy. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver. Pp.171–186.Google Scholar
  21. Marchak, M. R 1995. Logging the Globe. McGill-Queens UniversityPress, Montreal.Google Scholar
  22. Mayhew, J. 1997. The Future of Mahogany Plantations. ITTOUpdate 7(2): 14.Google Scholar
  23. Ondro, W., Couto, L. and Betters, D. 1995. The Status and Practiceof Forestry in Brazil in the Early 1990s. The ForestryChronicle 11(1): 106–118.Google Scholar
  24. Palmer, W.J.B, and Haid, D. 1995. A Timber Supply Outlookfor South America. In Proceedings of the 1995 TAPPI GlobalFiber Supply Symposium. TAPPI Press, Atlanta.Google Scholar
  25. Pandey, D. 1997. Tropical Forest Plantation Areas 1995. DraftManuscript No. GCP/INT/628/UK. Food and AgricultureOrganisation of the United Nations, Rome.Google Scholar
  26. Pandey, D. and Ball, J. 1998. The Role of Industrial Plantationsin Future Global Fibre Supplies. Unasylva 49(2): 37–43.Google Scholar
  27. Rice, R.W. 1998. South Africa: Portrait of an Emerging WoodProducts Market. Forest Products Journal 48(9): 12–17.Google Scholar
  28. Savill, R, Evans, J., Auclair, D. and Falck, J. 1997. PlantationSilviculture in Europe. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  29. Sedjo, R. A. 1994. The Potential of High-Yield Plantation Forestryfor Meeting Timber Needs: Recent Performance andFuture Potentials. Discussion Paper 95-08. Resources forthe Future, Washington.Google Scholar
  30. Sedjo, R. A., Goetzl, A. and Moffat, S.O. 1998. Sustainability ofTemperate Forests. Resources for the Future, Washington.Google Scholar
  31. Sohngen, B., Mendelsohn, R. and Sedjo, R. 1999. Forest Management,Conservation, and Global Timber Markets. Amer-ican Journal of Agricultural Economics 81(1): 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yukutake, K. 1998. Current Status of Japanese Forestry and TimberTrade. In Proceedings of Abstracts, FORESEA Miyazaki1998. Intemational Symposium on Global Concerns forForest Resource Utilization: Sustainable Use and Management.Miyazaki, Japan.Google Scholar
  33. Zhu, S., Tomberlin, D. and Buongiorno, J. 1998. Global ForestProducts Consumption, Production, Trade, and Prices: GlobalForest Products Model Projections to 2010. Forest Policyand Planning Division Working Paper GFPOSAVP/01.Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome.Google Scholar
  34. Zobel, B.J. and van Buijtenen, J.R 1989. Wood Variation: ItsCauses and Control. Springer Verlag, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar


  1. FAO 1998. Forest Resources Assessment 2000. Terms and Definitions.Forest Resources Assessment Programme, WorkingPaper 1. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UnitedNations, Rome. 18 p.Google Scholar
  2. FAO 2001. Forest Resources Assessment homepage, Scholar
  3. Helms, J.A. (ed.) 1998. The Dictionary of Forestry. The Societyof American Foresters and CABI Publishing, Bethseda andWallingford. 210p.Google Scholar
  4. Lund, G. 1998. Definitions of Deforestation, Afforestation andReforestation. Report prepared for USDA Forest Serviceand lUFRO 6.03.02. Http:// Scholar
  5. Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers) 1998. TheWorld List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge. 650 p.Google Scholar
  6. Palo, M. 1999. What is Forest — Concepts and Etymology. In M. Palo and J. Uusivuori (eds.), World Forests, Society andEnvironment. World Forests Vol. I. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. Pp. 12–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Webster 1997. The New Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of theEnglish Language. Gramercy Books, New York. 1008 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Tomberlin
    • 1
  • Joseph Buongiorno
    • 2
  • José Alvarado Alegría
    • 3
  • Kaisa Korhonen
    • 4
  • Matti Palo
    • 5
  1. 1.Santa CruzUSA
  2. 2.Dept. of Forest Ecology and ManagementUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  3. 3.CuencaSpain
  4. 4.Helsinki
  5. 5.Finnish Forest Research Institute (METLA)

Personalised recommendations