The History of the Joint Organization for Solar Observations (JOSO) 1969–2000
In 1969 a group of leading European solar physicists established the Joint Organization for Solar Observations (JOSO) aiming at promoting international cooperation and at finding an outstanding site for a new European solar observatory. After extensive site testing, excellent locations were found in 1979 on the Canary Islands for the deployment of several national instruments in the framework of the newly founded Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias.
The well co-ordinated thriving international cooperation made the continuation of JOSO desirable even after the fulfilment of the originally planned goals. New fields of cooperation were found, in particular the ground-based support for the SOHO mission. After the opening of the “iron curtain” in 1989, intensive collaboration with the Eastern European institutes was initiated and JOSO turned into an enterprise for broad scientific and technological exchange.
KeywordsConvection Europe Helium Smoke Sine
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