Descriptions of three Pristina species (Naididae, Clitellata) from Amazonian forest soils, including P. marcusi sp. nov.

  • Rut Collado
  • Rüdiger M. Schmelz
Conference paper
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 158)

Abstract

Three species of the oligochaete genus Pristina (Naididae, Clitellata), one of them new to science, are described from soil and litter samples originating from terra firme of the primary rain forest at the Brazilian Agroforestry Research Facility in Central Amazonia: P. marcusi sp. nov., P. jenkinae (Stephenson, 1931) and P. notopora, Černosvitov, 1937. Investigations were carried out on live and preserved material, with emphasis on non-chaetal, non-sexual characters of the live anatomy, usually neglected in recent Naididae taxonomy. P. marcusi sp. nov. is characterized by simple-pointed and bayonet-shaped needle chaetae and by a regular pattern of ellipsoid intrastomachal cavities. P. notopora redescribed in full detail for the first time since its original description, including the exceptional dorsal opening of the nephridia.

Key words

Taxonomy new species Oligochaeta Naididae Pristina live observation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brinkhurst, R. O., 1971. Naididae. In Brinkhurst, R. O. & R. O. Jamieson (eds), Aquatic Oligochaeta of the World. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburg: 304–443.Google Scholar
  2. Brinkhurst, R. O. & M. Marchese, 1989. Guide to the freshwater aquatic Oligochaeta of South and Central America. Asociación de Ciencias Naturales del Litoral, Santo Tomé, Argentina: 179 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Černosvitov, L., 1937. Notes sur les Oligochaeta (Naididées et Enchytraeidées) de l’Argentine. Ann. Mus. Argent. 39: 135–157.Google Scholar
  4. Collado, R. & R. M. Schmelz, 2000. Pristina silvicola and Pristina terrena spp. nov., two new soil-dwelling species of Naididae (Oligochaeta, Annelida) from the tropical rain forest near Manaus, Brazil, with comments on the genus Pristinella. J. Zool. Lond. 251:509–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Di Chiara Paoletti, A. & B. Sambugar, 1996. Aquatic Oligochaeta in Italy, with special reference to Naididae. Hydrobiologia 334: 37–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Erséus, C. & R. Grimm, 1998. Pristina proboscidea and Pristinella osborni (Oligochaeta, Naididae) from a freshwater creek near Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, with descriptions of the genital organs of both species. The Beagle, rec. mus. art gall, north, terr. 14: 149–158.Google Scholar
  7. Grimm, R., 1974. Einige Oligochaeten aus Nigeria, dem Tschad und der Zentralafrikanischen Republik. Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst. 71:95–114.Google Scholar
  8. Grimm, R., 1986. Beiträge zur Systematik der afrikanischen Naididae (Oligochaeta). III. Untersuchungen zur qualitativen und quantitativen Chaetotaxonomie der Naididae. Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst. 83: 101–105.Google Scholar
  9. Grimm, R., 1987. Contributions towards the taxonomy of the African Naididae (Oligochaeta). IV. Zoogeographical and taxonomical considerations of African Naididae. Hydrobiologia 155: 27–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Harman, W. J., 1977. Three new species of Oligochaeta (Naididae) from the southeastern U.S., Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 90: 483–490.Google Scholar
  11. Harman, W. J., R. O. Brinkhurst & M. Marchese, 1988. A contribution to the taxonomy of the aquatic Oligochaeta (Naididae) of South America. Can. J. Zool. 66: 2233–2242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kasprzak, K. & B. Szczesny, 1976. Oligochaetes (Oligochaeta) of the river Raba. Acta Hydrobiol. Krakow 18: 75–87.Google Scholar
  13. Kathman, R. D., 1985. Synonymy of Pristinella jenkinae (Oligochaeta: Naididae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 98: 1022–1027.Google Scholar
  14. Kathman, R. D. & R. O. Brinkhurst, 1998. Guide to the freshwater oligochaetes of North America. Aquatic Ressources Center, College Grove, Tennessee, U.S.A.: 264 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Loden, M. S. & W. J. Harman, 1980. Ecophenotypic variation in setae of Naidiae (Oligochaeta). In Brinkhurst, R. O. & D.G. Cook (eds), Aquatic Oligochaete Biology. Plenum Press, New York: 33–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Marcus, E., 1943. Sôbre Naididae do Brasil. Bol. Fac. Fil. Cienc. Letr. Univ. Sao Paulo 7: 3–247.Google Scholar
  17. Martínez-Ansemil, E. & N. Giani, 1982. Contribución al conocimiento del género Pristina (Oligochaeta, Naididae) en la Península Ibérica. Bol. R. Soc. Española Hist. Nat. (Biol.) 80(3–4): 249–260.Google Scholar
  18. Montanholi-Martins, M. C. & A. M. Takeda, 1999. Communities of benthic oligochaetes in relation to sediment structure in the upper Paraná river, Brazil. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 34: 52–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. O’Connor, F. B., 1955. Extraction of enchytraeid worms from a coniferous forest soil. Nature 175: 815–816.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pop, V., 1973. Deux espèces nouvelles de Pristina (Naididae, Oligochaeta) et leurs affinités. Stud. Univ. Babes-Bolyai (Biol.) 1: 79–89.Google Scholar
  21. Reynolds, J. W. & D. G. Cook, 1976. Nomenclatura Oligochaetologica. The University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick: 217 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Römbke, J. & M. Meller, 1999. Applied research on Enchytraeidae in Central Amazonia: project approach, methodology and first results. In Schmelz, R. M. & K. Sühlo (eds), Newsletter on Enchytraeidae No. 6. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Enchytraeidae, Osnabrück, Germany. Universitätsverlag Rasch, Osnabrück, Germany: 69–75.Google Scholar
  23. Römbke, J., H. Höfer, C. Martius, B. Förster, E. Franklin, M. Garcia & L. Beck, 1999. Die Rolle der Bodenfauna beim Streuabbau in Primär- und Sekundärwäldern und einer Polykulturplantage in Amazonien (SHIFT Projekt ENV 52): Methodische Überlegungen. In Oelmann, J. & B. Markert (eds), Ökotoxikologie: Ökosystemare Ansätze und Methoden, ecomed, Landsberg, Germany: 268–275.Google Scholar
  24. Sperber, C., 1948. A taxonomic study of the Naididae. Zool. Bid. Upps. 28: 1–296.Google Scholar
  25. Stacey, D. F. & K. A. Coates, 1996. Oligochaetes (Naididae, Tubificidae, Opistocystidae, Enchytraeidae, Sparganophilidae and Alluroididae) of Guyana. Hydrobiologia 334: 17–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Stephenson, J., 1931. Oligochaeta from Burma, Kenya and other parts of the world. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1931: 33–92.Google Scholar
  27. Stout, J. D., 1956. Aquatic Oligochaetes occurring in forest litter. I. Trans. Roy. Soc. N. Z. 84(1): 97–102.Google Scholar
  28. Stout, J. D., 1958. Aquatic Oligochaetes occurring in forest litter. II. Trans. Roy. Soc. N. Z. 85(2): 289–299.Google Scholar
  29. Vejdovský, F., 1884. System und Morphologie der Oligochaeten. Prag: 172 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rut Collado
    • 1
  • Rüdiger M. Schmelz
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Bioloxía Animal e Bioloxia VexetalUniversidade da CoruñaA CoruñaSpain
  2. 2.Universität Osnabrück, FB 5, Biologie/Chemie, Spezielle ZoologieOsnabrückGermany

Personalised recommendations