Globalisation and Higher Education Reforms: The Japanese Case

  • Akira Arimoto
Part of the Higher Education Dynamics book series (HEDY, volume 1)


The university is by nature a knowledge-based association, an organisation whose foundation is knowledge. Now, however, society in general is becoming, to an increasing extent, a knowledge-based association. One of the key terms used in this chapter is the concept of knowledge-based society. Analytically, a tentative distinction can be made between what I define as Knowledge-Based Society 1 [KBS1] and Knowledge-Based Society 2 [KBS2]. The former refers to the academic enterprise, whose main aim is the development of knowledge; the latter refers to society at large, which is increasingly including academic activities within its own functions and roles. Society has lagged many years behind academia in carrying out the three functions of research, teaching and learning — based on the advancement of knowledge, the resources of knowledge, and the academic discipline. However, the importance of knowledge is now part of the social fabric, and the distinction between society in general (KBS2) and the knowledge-based society of the university (KBS1) has begun to blur.


High Education Faculty Member Undergraduate Education Junior College Research Orientation 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

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  • Akira Arimoto

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