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Quantum Statistics of Metastable Liquid Helium

  • Frédéric Caupin
  • Sébastien Balibar
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAII, volume 84)

Abstract

Experimental studies of homogeneous cavitation give information on the limit of stability of liquids, the “spinodal limit”. The slope of the spinodal line in the (PT) plane has been related to the sign of the isobaric expansion coefficient of the liquid. Using quantum statistics, we give theoretical arguments to explain the existence of a minimum in the spinodal line of liquid helium 3, for which experimental evidence has been reported. The calculations involve the shape of the dispersion curve of collective excitations. We present a similar analysis in the case of superfluid helium 4; we also consider the overpressurized region, and the location of the superfluid transition line in the metastable regions.

Keywords

Liquid Helium Superfluid Helium Solid Helium Metastable Region Landau Model 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frédéric Caupin
    • 1
  • Sébastien Balibar
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique Statistique de l’Ecole Normale Supérieureassocié aux Universités Paris 6 et Paris 7 et au CNRSParis Cedex 05France

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