Zoobenthos and Zooplankton of the Northern Aral Sea and Possible Ways of the Sea Ecosystem Rehabilitation

  • N. V. Aladin
  • A. A. Filippov
  • I. S. Plotnikov
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 13)


Prior to anthropogenic desiccation, the average salinities in the Large and Small Seas differed to some extent. These differences were insignificant during the period from 1961 to 1970 because of sufficient water exchange between the two basins. From 1971 to 1985 after the Auzykokaral strait dried up, and Berg’s strait became shallower, the average salinity in the Small Sea rose 1.5–3.0 g/1 higher than in the Large Sea. However, in 1986 the difference in average salinity between the Small and Large Seas decreased again, primarily because of a change in the direction of flow of the Syrdarya River, which resulted in the diversion of more freshwater into the Small Sea. Since 1988, the average salinity in the Small Sea has decreased by 1.5–2.0 g/1 when compared with the Large Sea. Subsequently, the complete drying of Berg’s strait in spring 1990 has resulted in still sharper differences in salinity concentration between two basins (Table 1).


Water Area Bivalve Mollusk Benthic Assemblage Inshore Zone Abra Ovata 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Aladin N.V., Plotnikov LS., Potts W.T.W. (1995) The Aral Sea desiccation and possible ways of rehabilitation and conservation of its North part, Int. J. Environmetrics 6, 17–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aladin N.V. (1995) The conservation ecology of the Podonidae from the Caspian and Aral Seas, Hydrobiologia 307, 85–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Filippov A.A. (1999) Ecological studies at the Aral Sea: macrozoobenthos of the Bay of Butakov, Abstracts 7th Annual scientific conference “XXI century: Youth, Education, Ecology, Noosphere”, 10–12 February 1999, St.Petersburg 1999, 112 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Filippov A.A. (1991) Zoobenthos of Butakov bay (the Aral Sea) in September 1990, Proc. of Zool Inst. of Acad of Sci USSR 237, 44–48 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Filippov A.A. (1993) Some structural features of the macrozoobenthos of the North Aral Sea coastal zone, Proceed. of Zoollnst. 250, 56–64 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Filippov A.A. (1995) Macrozoobenthos of inshore zone of the Aral Sea North in modern polyhaline conditions: quantity, biomass and spatial distribution, Proc. of Zoollnst of RAS 262, 103–106 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Plotnikov I.S. (1993) The Aral Sea Zooplankton in 1992, Proc. of Zool. Inst, of RAS 250, 46–51 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Plotnikov I.S. (1995) The Aral Sea (the Small Sea) Zooplankton under conditions of the regime stabilization, Proc. of Zool. Inst, of RAS 262, 167–173 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Plotnikov I.S (1995) Zooplankton of coastal zone of the Northern part of the Aral Sea under modern polyhaline conditions. Doctoral thesis, St.Petersburg, 24 p. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Plotnikov I.S. (1991) Zooplankton of Butakov bay (the Aral Sea) in September 1990, Proc. of Zool. Inst. of Acad. of Sci. USSR 237, 34–39 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Orlova M.I. (1993) Materials for general valuation of productional-destructional processes in the coastal zone of the northern part of the Aral Sea. 1. The results of field observations and experiments in 1992 year, Proc. of Zool. Inst. of RAS 250, 21–37 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Filippov A.A., M.I. Orlova (1996) Changes in plant and animal associations of Northern Aral Sea during the last 30 years. Abstracts of VII Congress of Russian Hydrobiological Association of Russian Academy of Science, Kazan October 14–20, 1996, v.1, 168–170 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Andreev N.I. (1999) Zooplankton of Butakov bay (the Aral Sea) in June 1990, Proc. of Zool. Inst. of Acad. of Sci. USSR 237, 30–33 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Andreev N.I. (1999) Aquatic fauna of the Aral Sea under conditions of ecological crisis, Omsk State Pedagogical University, Omsk, 453 p. (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. V. Aladin
    • 1
  • A. A. Filippov
    • 1
  • I. S. Plotnikov
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Brackish Water HydrobiologyZoological Institute of RASSt PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations