Principles and Concepts in Risk Assessment
In its application to chemical exposure problems, the risk assessment process is used to compile and organize the scientific information that is necessary to support environmental and public health risk management decisions. The approach is used to help identify potential problems, establish priorities, and provide a basis for regulatory actions. Indeed, it is apparent that the advancement of risk analysis in regulatory decision-making has promoted rational policy deliberations over the past several decades. Yet, as real-world practice indicates, risk analyses have often been as much the source of controversy in regulatory considerations as the facilitator of consensus (ACS and RFF, 1998).
KeywordsRisk Assessment Risk Management PBPK Model Exposure Scenario Public Health Risk
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Suggested Further Reading
- Bate, R. (ed.), 1997. What Risk? (Science, Politics & Public Health), Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, UKGoogle Scholar
- Bates, DV, 1994. Environmental Health Risks and Public Policy, University of Washington Press, Seattle, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
- Bromley, DW and K. Segerson (eds.), 1992. The Social Response to Environmental Risk: Policy Formulation in an Age of Uncertainty, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MAGoogle Scholar
- Hammitt, JK, 1995. Can more information increase uncertainty? Chance, 8(3): 15–17Google Scholar
- Hammitt, JK and AI Shlyakhter, 1999. The expected value of information and the probability of surprise, Risk Analysis, 19(1): 135–152Google Scholar
- Richards, D. and WD Rowe, 1999. Decision-making with heterogeneous sources of information, Risk Analysis, 19(1): 69–81Google Scholar