Site Assessment of Epiphytic Habitats Using Lichen Indices

  • F. Rose
  • S. Coppins
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 7)


Rose [4] established that deciduous woodlands in lowland Britain which have retained some degree of long-term ecological continuity support significant lichen assemblages which are absent or poorly represented in woods where disruption to ecological continuity has occurred to a greater or lesser degree. He concluded that these species represent a “relict flora” and developed the concept of their use as “Indicator species” for grading woodlands on a scale of increasing or decreasing levels of past disturbance. This approach is presented here in a revised version.


Indicator Species Documentary Evidence Deciduous Woodland Conservation Interest Lichen Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Fletcher, A., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W., and Rose, F. (1982) Survey and Assessment of Epiphytic Lichen Habitats, Report by the Woodland Working Party of the British Lichen Society for the Nature Conservancy Council, contract HF3/03/208.Google Scholar
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    Kantvilas, G., James, P.W., and Jarman, S.J. (1985) Macrolichens in Tasmanian rain forests, Lichenologist 17, 67–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rose, F. (1976) Lichenological indicators of age and environmental continuity in woodlands, in D.H. Brown, D.L. Hawksworth, and R.H. Bailey (eds.), Lichenology: Progress and Problems, Academic Press, London, pp. 278–307.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rose, F. (1992) Temperate forest management: its effect on bryophyte and lichen floras and habitats, in J.W. Bates, and A.M. Farmer (eds), Bryophytes and Lichens in a Changing Environment, Oxford University Press, pp. 211–233.Google Scholar
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    Wolseley, P.A. (1991) Observations on the composition and distribution of the ‘Lobarion’ in forests of South East Asia, in D.J. Galloway (ed.), Systematics, conservation and ecology of tropical lichens, Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 217–243.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Rose
    • 1
  • S. Coppins
    • 2
  1. 1.LissUK
  2. 2.East LintonUK

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