Using Lichens on Twigs to Assess Changes in Ambient Atmospheric Conditions

  • P. A. Wolseley
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 7)


This method was first developed in Pembrokeshire West Wales [3, 4] in order to determine the effect of changes in land use on epiphytic lichen communities in regions where native trees are frequent.


Fruiting Body Native Tree Epiphytic Lichen Lichen Community Lichen Thallus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Genstat 5 Committee (1993) Genstat 5 Release Reference Manual, Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Malloch, A.J.C. (1985) VESPAN: Fortran Programs for Handling and Analysis of vegetation and Species Distribution, University of Lancaster, Lancaster.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Purvis, O.W., Wolseley, P.A., Reed, M.E., Wilson, P.J., and James, P.W. (1998) Monitoring of lichen communities as indicators of air quality in Pembrokeshire, Report to Texaco Ltd, Gulf Oil (Great Britain) Ltd and Elf Oil (UK).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wolseley, P.A. and Pryor, K.V. (1999) The potential of epiphytic twig communities on Quercus petraea in a Welsh woodland site (Tycanol) for evaluating environmental changes, Lichenologist 31, 41–61Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wolseley, P.A., James, P.W., and Alexander, D. (2001) Key to lichens on twigs, AIDGAP Field Studies Council Publications, Montford Bridge, Shrewsbury, SY4 1HW.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. Wolseley
    • 1
  1. 1.The Natural History Museum Department of BotanyLondonUK

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