Monitoring Lichens for Conservation: Red Lists and Conservation Action Plans

  • C. Scheidegger
  • T. Goward
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 7)


Lichen-forming fungi are mutualistic symbiotic organisms. The mycobiont coexists with one or more algal or cyanobacterial photobionts. Conservation biology of lichens deals, therefore, with more than one organism, although it is the fungal partner, or mycobiont, which is generally the target for conservation. It is also the mycobiont which determines the systematic position of lichens.


Lichen Species Epiphytic Lichen Population Viability Analysis Threat Category Crustose Lichen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Scheidegger
    • 1
  • T. Goward
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Swiss Federal Research InstituteWSLBirmensdorfSwitzerland
  2. 2.Herbarium, Department of BotanyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Edgewood BlueClearwaterCanada

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