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Georg Simmel Between Goethe and Kant on “Life” and “Force”

  • Paola Giacomoni
Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume 74)

Abstract

Georg Simmel, sociologist of the edgy, feverish, metropolitan lifestyle, philosopher of modernity, money, and fragmentation, has a decidedly classical background. Consider him not merely a man of his own times, fruit of late 19th-century culture and sociology, but a man who each day reads Kant’s philosophy and Goethe’s poetic and naturalist works, garnering sustenance for his daily reflection. Apart from the particular style of his learning and the results of his research, the interest in and passion for the “classical” period of late 18th-century German culture plays a decisive role in his philosophy. Simmel dedicated several monographs to Kant and to Goethe, the Berlin lectures on Kant in 1904, the important monograph on Goethe in 1913, as well as comparative studies such as Kant und Goethe in 1906 and numerous articles published in periodicals and newspapers upon various aspects of the culture and social lifestyle of his times, springing from his nonacademic reading of their works.

Keywords

Naturalist Work Reciprocal Action Animal Form Formative Impulse Living Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    On the scant success of his nature studies see J.W. Goethe, Schicksal der Handschrift, in Werke E. Trunz (ed.), (Munich: Beck, Hamburger Ausgabe, 1982), Vol. 13, pp. 102–105.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
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    Ibidem, pp. 319-320.Google Scholar
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    See D. Frisby, Georg Simmel (London: Tavistock, 1984), pp. 64 ff.Google Scholar
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  27. 27.
    On these topics see B. Nedelmann, “Ambivalence as a Principle of Socialisation,” Rassegna italiana di sociologia 33 (1992), pp. 233–256 and idem., “Georg Simmel. Emotion und Wechselwirkung in intimen Gruppen,” Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, (Sonderheft, 1983), pp. 179-209.Google Scholar
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    G. Simmel, Philosophie der Kunst, Gertrud Simmel (ed.), (Potsdam: Kiepenheuer 1992), p. 41.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ibidem, p. 43.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    G. Simmel, “Bruchstücke einer Psychologie der Frau” (1904), in Schriften zur Philosophie und Soziologie der Geschlechter, H.J. Dahme, K.C. Köhnke (eds.) (Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 1985), p. 177.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    K.C. Köhnke (eds.) (Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 1985) Ibidem, p. 169.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    K.C. Köhnke (eds.) (Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 1985) Ibidem, p. 221.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

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  • Paola Giacomoni

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