Student evaluation involves making judgments about the merit or worth of student achievement in a particular area. Tests, assessments, and examinations are commonly used to collect the information on which these judgments are based. The result may be a decision about an individual student or students, or about the way in which instruction takes place. The four chapters in this section cover several key topics in this area of educational evaluation. Robert Mislevy, Mark Wilson, Kadriye Ercikan, and Naomi Chudowsky discuss psychometric principles in student assessment; Peter Airasian and Lisa Abrams provide an overview of evaluation in the classroom; Caroline Gipps and Gordon Stobart consider alternative assessment; and Thomas Kellaghan and George Madaus describe external (public) examinations.
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