Monitoring of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Slovak Freshwater Sediments

Use of Semipermeable Membrane Devices
  • R. Tandlich
  • B. Vrana
  • S. Baláž
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 19)


Semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) and low-density polyethylene membranes (LDPEs) were used to estimate the “bioavailable” fraction of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in freshwater sediments from the area of Strážske, Slovakia. In both techniques, the molecules of analytes must diffuse through the polyethylene membrane, thus particle-associated PCBs are excluded from sampling. The partitioning equilibrium was assessed in sediment slurries upon incubation with gentle shaking for 28 days. The influence on the sampling process of the organic carbon content in the sediments, turbation, and total PCB concentration in the sediment samples was studied.


Sediment Sample Total Organic Carbon Content Sampling Device Bioavailable Fraction Sediment Slurry 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Tandlich
    • 1
  • B. Vrana
    • 2
  • S. Baláž
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical SciencesCollege of Pharmacy, North Dakota State UniversityFargoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemical ToxicologyCentre for Environmental ResearchLeipzigGermany

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