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Applications of Ionic Liquids to Biphasic Catalysis

  • H. Olivier-Bourbigou
  • F. Hugues
Chapter
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAII, volume 92)

Abstract

Homogeneous catalysis offers many advantages that mainly originate from the structure of the catalyst. For example, most of the time, it is possible to control the steric and electronic properties of the active species by tuning the main central atom and ligands. Therefore, high activities and selectivities (regio-, chemio-, enantio-) can be expected. From an industrial point of view, the easy mixing and reaction heat removal ensure good temperature control and avoid any diffusion problem. Reaction section is simple and low investment costs are required for mild reaction conditions. Operations are flexible. Catalyst rate can be adjusted to reaction feed rate, taking into account the presence of feed impurities, to maintain the conversion and the selectivity. However, while the solubility of the catalyst constitutes a major advantage in terms of catalyst site availability, it also constitutes a major drawback in terms of catalyst separation, recycling (cost and complexity) and disposal. The quests for new catalyst immobilization or recovery strategies to facilitate its reuse are incessant. The attachment of the catalyst on a solid support has been widely studied but has not received, so far, industrial application.

Keywords

Ionic Liquid Molten Salt Biphasic System Homogeneous Catalysis Rhodium Complex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Olivier-Bourbigou
    • 1
  • F. Hugues
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut Français du PétroleRueil-MalmaisonFrance
  2. 2.Centre d’Etude et de Developpement IndustrielInstitut Français du PétroleVernaisonFrance

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