Electronic Structure and Excited States of Polymers

  • J. Ladik
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (ASIC, volume 46)


The SCF LCAO Crystal Orbital (Hartree-Fock) method is reviewed in the cases of polymers with simple translational symmetry and with a combined symmetry operation. As example the band structure of the periodic DNA model polycytosine is discussed.

For the treatment of aperiodic (multicomponent) polymers the coherent potential approximation with a k- and energy-dependent self energy is described. As illustrative example calculations for the \( {(SN)_X} - {\left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} {SN} \\ H \\ \end{array} } \right)_X} \) two-component mixed polymer are presented. To investigate the extra levels of a cluster of impurities embedded in a periodic crystal the SCF resolvent method has been developed.

For the calculations of excited states of polymers applications of the ÔÂÔ method are shown. Further the applicability of the more general Green’s function formalism for the investigation of localized excitations in polymers is discussed. Finally to treat partially delocalized excitations in polymers the formalism of the intermediate (charge transfer) exciton theory and its application to polymers is reviewed.


Excited State Mixed System Molecular Crystal State Curve Exciton Band 
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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Ladik
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Theoretische Chemie der Friedrich-AlexanderUniversität Erlangen-Nürnberg852 ErlangenGermany
  2. 2.Laboratory of the National Foundation for Cancer ResearchUniversity Erlangen-NürnbergGermany

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