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Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from the Ocean

  • G. R. Valenzuela
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (ASIC, volume 45)

Abstract

The basic principles and analytical methods in scattering theory that treat the interaction of electromagnetic (EM) waves with the ocean surface are reviewed. An exact solution of this boundary-value problem is not feasible at this time, because the ocean surface is a complex dynamical and spatial nonlinear (statistical) rough surface still under investigation. In these circumstances, the high-frequency scattering methods (geometrical and physical optics) and the low-frequency scattering methods (perturbation) yield tractable analytical solutions (models) useful for remote sensing applications of the ocean surface. The state of the art and recent advances in radio-oceanography are described.

Keywords

Gravity Wave Ocean Surface Water Wave Phase Speed Ocean Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. R. Valenzuela
    • 1
  1. 1.Ocean Sciences DivisionNaval Research LaboratoryUSA

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