Comments on the Meaning of Words

  • Tadeusz Kotarbinski
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 119)


Handbooks of logic make a distinction between the denotation and connotation of names. Every name (in other words: every potential predicative term) designates every object and only such objects about which it (i.e. the name) may be predicated in a true statement. There are, however, polysémic names, where a given name designates certain objects with respect to a given meaning, and certain other objects with respect to another meaning. Now, the denotation of a name with respect to a given meaning is the totality of objects which it designates with respect to that meaning; while the meaning of a name — in other words, its sense — may be called its connotation. Hence polysémic names have more than one connotation each, even though whenever a given name is used as a predicative term only one of its connotations, as it were, manifests itself; this is so because in each case when a given name is used as a predicative term it is used in a specified meaning.


True Statement Concrete Object False Statement Compound Statement Nominal Phrase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© PWN — Polish Scientific Publishers — Warszawa 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tadeusz Kotarbinski

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