Issues in the Logic of Adjectives

  • Kazimierz Twardowski
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 119)


The classification of adjectives into determining (…) and modifying (…) adjectives is well known. The former, when joined to a noun, add either a positive or a negative characteristic to its meaning (a ‘learned man’, an ‘inexperienced person’); the latter, when joined to a noun, take away its original meaning. But, while losing its original meaning, a noun, when combined with a modifying adjective, becomes a name of an object to which the noun, taken in its original meaning, may no longer be applied (an ‘artificial limb’, a ‘forged banknote’, a ‘former minister’, etc.). Furthermore, like adjectives, adverbs and adverbial phrases may also be classified into those that determine and those that modify.


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  1. 1.
    Attention has been drawn to them by F. Brentano. See Häfler, Logik 2nd. ed., 1922, footnote on p. 186Google Scholar

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© PWN — Polish Scientific Publishers — Warszawa 1979

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  • Kazimierz Twardowski

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