The Development of Fat Cells in Different Anatomical Positions In Carcasses of Young Bulls, Heifers and Cow-Heifers

  • Irmgard Schön
Part of the Current Topics in Veterinary Medicine book series (CTVM, volume 2)

Abstract

The paper deals with data from literature on the development of fat cells and with own investigations in young bulls, heifers and cow-heifers, Differences in the size of fat cells — μm2 — between perirenal, subcutaneous, intermuscular and intramuscular fat are significantly influenced by the category, the fattening method and age3 and correlate positively with the portion of fatty tissue in the carcasses and the fat content of the specific tissue. As a reference value the mean of 50 single measurements was used each time. A procedure for more exact and quicker measurements of fat cells dimension has been developed.

Keywords

Maize Peri 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson, D.B., Kauffman, R.G. and Kastenschmidt, L.L. 1972. Lipogenic enzyme activities and cellularity of porcine adipose tissue from various anatomical locations. Journal of Lipid Research, 13, 593–598.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Desnoyers, F., Vodovar, N. and Durand, G. 1973. Transformation et devenir des cellules adipeuses au cours de amaigressement. Etude ultrastructurale. Ann. Biol. Animale Biochim. Biophys. 13, 75–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Evans, A.J. 1972. Change in adipocyte size during post-embryonic growth in the female Aylesbury duck. Brit. Poultry Sci. 13, 615–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Griebel, C. 1958. Die mikroskop. Untersuchung der fettliefernden tierischen und pflanzlichen Rohstoffe und ihrer Abfallprodukte. Analyse der Fette u. Fettprodukte, Herausgeber: H.P. Kaufmann, Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  5. Haugebak, C.D., Hedrick, H.M. and Asplung, J.M. 1974. Adipose tissue accumulation and cellularity in growing and fattening lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 39, 1016–1025.Google Scholar
  6. Lee, Y.B., Kauffman, R.G. and Grummer, R.H. 1973. Effect of early nutrition on the development of adipose tissue in the pig. I. Age constant basis. J. Anim. Sci. 37. 1312–1318.Google Scholar
  7. Lee, Y.B., Kauffman, R.G. and Grummer, R.H. 1973. Effect of early nutrition on the development of adipose tissue in the pig. II. Weight constant basis. J. Anim. Sci. 37. 1319–1325.Google Scholar
  8. Lee, Y.B. and. Kauffman, R.G., 1974. Cellular and enzymatic changes with animal growth in porcine intramuscular adipose tissue. J. Anim. Sci. 38, 532–537.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Lee, Y.B. and Kauffman, R.G. 1974. Cellularity and lipogenic enzyme activities of porcine intramuscular adipose tissue. J. Anim. Sci. 38, 538–544.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Martin, R.J., Ezekwe, M., Herbein, J.H., Sherritt, G.W., Gobble, J.L. and Ziegler, J.H. 1974. Effects of neonatal nutritional experiences on growth and development of the pig. J. Anim. Sci. 39. 521–526.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. McMeekan, C.P. 1940. Growth and development in the pig, with special reference to carcass quality characters. J. Agr. Sci. Cambridge, 30, 276–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Moody, W.G. and Cassens, R.G. 1968. A quantitative and morphological study of bovine longissimus fat cells. J. Fd. Sci. 33, 77–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Nougues, J. 1975. Adipocyte growth of four adipose deposits in rabbit. Ann. Biol. Animale Biochim. Biophys. 15, 541–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wood, J.D., Enser, M.B. and Restall, D.J. 1975. Fat cell size in Pietrain and Large White pigs. J. Agric. Sci., Cambridge, 84, 221–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff - The Hague/Boston/London 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irmgard Schön
    • 1
  1. 1.Meat Research InstituteKulmbachFed. Rep. of Germany

Personalised recommendations