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New schools: Zeno, Epicurus, Pyrrho

  • František Novotný

Abstract

Aristotle’s death in the year 322/1 B. C. can be regarded as the end of the classical era of Greek philosophical thought. But Athens did not cease to be the city of philosophers in the hellenistic era culminating in the rule of Alexander the Great (336–323), although it was no longer a city of politicians, artists and poets. Plato’s and Aristotle’s schools became for the hellenistic era the centres of attraction and their influence brought to Athens philosophers from various parts of the Greek world, some even to stay there permanently. Thus new centres of philosophic investigation sprang up in Athens besides the Academy and the Lyceum. Zeno of Citium in Cyprus founded his school in a painted porch, stoa poikile, which hence bore the name of the school of the Stoics, and in Athens also Epicurus of Samos settled permanently, whose disciples used to assemble in his famous garden.

Keywords

Philosophical System Greek World Stoic Philosophy Stoic Theory Athens Philosopher 
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References

  1. 1.
    On these connections a detailed account is given by Amand Jagu with special reference to the late Stoic Epictetus in the monograph Epictète et Platon, Essai sur les relations du Stoicism et du Platonism à propos de la Morale des Entretiens (Paris 1946). Franz Dirlmeier, Die Oikeiosis-Lehre Theophrasts (Philologus, Supplbd. 30, Heft 1, Leipzig 1937) proves that Theophrastus was a mediator between Plato’s and the Stoic ethics.Google Scholar
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    An allusion to Plato’s name; Platistakos was the name of a certain kind of big fish.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© František Novotný — Ludvík Svoboda 1977

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  • František Novotný

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