The Theory of Glacial Refugia

  • Carl H. Lindroth


Carabid beetle distribution and powers of dispersal have provided strong facts in favor of the assumption that isolated refugia for the survival of biota existed during one or more of the Pleistocene glacial periods.


Glacial Refugium Wing Dimorphism Coastal Refugium Carabid Fauna Macropterous Form 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Coope, G. R. 1969. The contribution that the Coleoptera of Glacial Britain could have made to the subsequent colonization of Scandinavia. Opuscula Entomologicae 34:95–108.Google Scholar
  2. Fernald, M. L. 1925. Persistence of plants in unglaciated areas of Boreal America. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 15:237–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Karlstrom, T. N. V. & G. E. Ball, eds. 1969. The Kodiak Island Refugium: its geology, flora, fauna and history. Ryerson Press, Toronto. xvi+262 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Lindroth, C. H. 1931. Die Insektenfauna Islands und ihre Probleme. Zoologiska Bidrag fran Uppsala 13:103–599.Google Scholar
  5. —. 1945. Inheritance of wing dimorphism in Pterostichus anthracinus Ill. Hereditas 32(1946):37–40.Google Scholar
  6. —. 1949. Die Fennoskandischen Garabidae. Eine tiergeographische Studie. III. Allgemeiner Teil. Göteborgs Kungl. Vetenskaps-och Vitterhets-Samhälles Handlingar, Ser. B, 4(3): 1–911.Google Scholar
  7. —. 1957. The Faunal Connections between Europe and North America. Uppsala, Stockholm. 344 pp.Google Scholar
  8. —. 1963. The faunal history of Newfoundland, illustrated by Carabid beetles. Opuscula Entomologicae, Suppl. 23:1–112.Google Scholar
  9. —. 1969. The theory of glacial refugia in Scandinavia. Comments on present opinions. Notulae Entomologicae 49:178–192.Google Scholar
  10. —. 1970. Survival of animals and plants on ice-free refugium during the Pleistocene glaciation. Endeavor 29(108): 129–134.Google Scholar
  11. —. 1971. Holarctic elements in the North American fauna. Proceedings of the XIII International Congress of Entomology, Moscow 1968:92–100.Google Scholar
  12. Wynne-Edwards, V. C. 1937. Isolated arctic-alpine floras in eastern North America. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 31(3): 33–58.Google Scholar
  13. —. 1939. Some factors in the isolation of rare alpine plants. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 33:35–42.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk bv Publishers, The Hague 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl H. Lindroth

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations