The Syntax and Semantics of Word Formation: Lexical Rules
In traditional grammar, word formation is well-established as the study of how new words of a language are produced from old. Typical means of word formation found in English include adding a derivational affix (e.g. the verb blacken from the noun black, noun decision from verb decide, adjective washable from verb wash, etc.), compounding two existing words to form a third (nouns blackbird, steamboat or pickpocket from combinations of verb, adjective or noun), and the process of zero-derivation (or conversion), by which a word changes its grammatical class and meaning but not its form (e.g. noun walk from verb walk).
KeywordsBasic Expression Word Formation Morphological Operation Semantic Rule Syntactic Rule
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.