The Concept of Evolution and the Phenomenological Teleology
It is a striking fact that, since Husserl’s work, phenomenological reflection on science has been oriented toward Galileo and Descartes, and on psychology toward Locke and Hume through Stumpf. Yet it was Darwinian evolution, which Haeckel — not to mention Nietzsche — made a religion, that might have been expected to enter phenomenological meditation. Not only has this interest been lacking but it has been generally ignored, presumably in view of its apparent naturalism. A notable exception was Bergson, but his work unfolded within the French tradition of evolutionary thought. This lack of reference to biology on the part of phenomenology is the more significant because of the pervasive influence of positivist evolution as an ideology. Could it be that this accounts for its exemption from phenomenological consideration? In any event, the present paper proposes to take a step toward remedying that deficiency.
KeywordsManifold Mold Topo Detritus
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