When Does a Diagnosis Become a Clinical Judgment?

Verifiability, Reliability and Umbrella Effects in Diagnosis
  • D. L. Rosenhan
Part of the Philosophy and Medicine book series (PHME, volume 6)


To ask whether diagnosis is an art or a science is to make some interesting prior assumptions about the properties of diagnosis: That it is verifiable; that diagnosticians presented with identical data will concur in identical diagnoses; that the diagnosis usefully conveys information about the present status and prognosis of the patient; that it has treatment implications; and that it is not likely to be clouded by negative umbrella effects.


Personality Disorder Psychiatric Diagnosis Pulmonary Emphysema Paranoid Schizophrenia Psychotic Depression 
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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. L. Rosenhan
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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