• Mario Bunge
Part of the Treatise on Basic Philosophy book series (TOBP, volume 4)


Life has long been a mystery on which mystery mongers have thrived. It is no longer such: biologists are beginning to understand what makes organisms tick, and physicians to manipulate the control systems responsible for that ticking — which, incidentally, is not like a clock’s. This understanding could not be forthcoming as long as organisms were studied either on their own level exclusively (holistic approach) or as physical systems devoid of emergent properties (levelism), and in either case apart from their history. The theory of evolution and molecular biology are to be credited for having transformed the mystery of life into the problem of life: its origin and maintenance, its evolution and extinction.


Natural Kind Multicellular Organism Emergent Property Biochemical System Continental Drift 
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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1979

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  • Mario Bunge

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