Advertisement

Strife About Complementarity [1953c]

  • Robert S. Cohen
  • John J. Stachel
Part of the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science book series (BSPS, volume 21)

Abstract

If one wanted to condense into a pregnant formula the fundamental achievement of quantum theory, one would say that it has done away with the dualism of matter and force, which had been the leitmotif of scientific thinking since the days of Newton. According to quantum theory, every physical agency partakes of the properties expressed by these two concepts, and its material or dynamical aspects can, so to speak, be conjured up at will by suitably selecting the conditions of observation. Thus, the same agency that usually presents itself to us as a field of electromagnetic force, spread out in space and time, can also appear in the form of a photon, i.e. a quantum of energy and momentum satisfying the conservation laws in the way characteristic for material particles. Again, the agency familiarly known under its aspect of material particle as the electron has dynamical functions of essential importance, e.g. in establishing molecular bonds of the homopolar type, which can only be described in terms of fields of force obeying specific wave-equations.

Keywords

Quantum Mechanic Quantum Theory Classical Physic Thermodynamical Aspect Future Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. [1]
    Bohr, N., Discussion with Einstein on Epistemological Problems in Atomic Physics, Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist, Library of Living Philosophers. La Salle. III., Vol. V II, 1949.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Bohr, N., Faraday Lecture, J. Chem. Soc., 1932, pp. 376 et seq.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Clausius, R., Die mechanische Wärmetheorie, 2nd edn., 1876, p. 316.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Engels, F., Herrn Euyen Dührings Umwälzung der Wissenschaft (‘Anti-Dühring’), Moscow edn., 1946, pp. 173–4. [See Engels, Anti-Dühring, Part I, Chap 13, first published 1878 — Ed.].Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Ibid., p. 24.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Schrödinger, E., ‘Are there Quantum Jumps?’, Brit. J. Philos. Sci., 3 (1952), 109, 233. See also E. Schrödinger, ‘The Meaning of Wave Mechanics’, Louis de Broglie, physicien et penseur, Albin Michel, Paris 1952.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Frenkel, J., Uspekhi fizich, nauk 42 (1950), 69; 44 (1951), 110.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Engels, F., Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy [first published 1888 ], Chap. II.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Blokhintzev, D., Uspekhi fizich, nauk 42 (1950), 76; 44 (1951), 104.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Bohr, N., and Rosenfeld, L., Phys. Rev. 78 (1950), 794. [English translation; this volume, p. 401].Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Böhm, D., ibid., 85 (1952), 166, 180.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    See de Broglie, L., C.R. Acad. Sci. 233 (1951), 641.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Vigier, J., ibid., 233 (1951), 1010.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    See de Broglie, L., ibid., 233 (1951), 1012; and ‘Vue d’ensemble de mes travaux scientifiques’. Louis de Broglie, physicien et penseur, Albin Michel, Paris, 1952, pp. 465 et seq.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    See, for example, Rosenfeld, L., ‘La première phase de l’évolution de la théorie des quanta’. Osiris 2 (1936), 149. [English translation this volume, p. 193].Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    See Poincaré, H., La valeur de la science, 1905, Chap, X. [English translation by G. B. Halsted: The Value of Science, Science Press, New York, 1921 and various reprints. Dover. New York — Ed.).Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Einstein, A., Rosen, N., and Podolsky, B., Phys. Rev. 47 (1935), 777.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Heisenberg, W., Dialectica 2 (1948), 331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    See in this connection the interesting treatise by Mme P. Destouches-Février, La structure des théories physiques, PUF, Paris, 1951.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Machiavelli, N., II Principe, Chap. XV. [The Prince].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert S. Cohen
  • John J. Stachel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations