Succession pp 73-82 | Cite as

Changes in Mediterranean Shrub Communities with Cytisus Purgans and Genista Scorpius

  • M. Debussche
  • J. Escarré
  • J. Lepart
Part of the Advances in vegetation science book series (AIVS, volume 3)

Abstract

Shrub communities (rather than forests) are very important in the mediterranean landscape. The maintenance of these communities is primarily linked with human activities which have been carried out for centuries. Generally, the dynamics of the shrub communities seem to be very slow; their colonization and their succession by trees may be observed in scattered places.

Keywords

Cytisus purgans Dynamics Genista scorpius Languedoc Mediterranean Post-fire succession Richness Shrub community Tree colonization 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ahlgren, C. E. 1974. Effects of fires on temperate forests: North Central United States in: T.T. Kozlowsky & C. E. Ahlgren (eds.) Fire and ecosystems 6: 195–219 ed. Academic Press, New-York, San Francisco, London.Google Scholar
  2. Barclay-Estrup, P. 1970. The description and interpretation of cyclical processes in a heath community, II, Changes in bio-mass and shoot production during the Calluna cycle. J. Ecol. 58: 243–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barclay-Estrup, P. 1971. The description and interpretation of cyclical processes in a heath community, III, Microclimate in relation to the Calluna cycle. J. Ecol. 59: 153–166.Google Scholar
  4. Barclay-Estrup, P., & C. H. Gimingham. 1969. The description and interpretation of cyclical processes in a heath community, I, Vegetational changes in relation to the Calluna cycle. J. Ecol. 57: 737–758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baudière, A. 1970. Recherches phytogéographiques sur la bordure méridionale du Massif Central français (les Monts de l’Espinouze). Thèse, Fac. Sci., Montpellier, 3 vol., 317 p. + 567 p. + annexes.Google Scholar
  6. Blondel, J. et al. 1979. Structure et dynamique des peuplements d’Oiseaux dans un secteur de moyenne altitude du Parc National des Cévennes: le versant nord-ouest de l’Aigoual. Ann. Sci. Parc Nat. Cévennes 1: 59–83.Google Scholar
  7. Cain, S. 1950. Life-forms and phytoclimate. Bot. Rev. 16: 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chartier, P. 1966. Etude du microclimat lumineux dans la végétation. Ann. Agron. 17: 571–602.Google Scholar
  9. Chettleburgh, M. R. 1952. Observations on the collection and burial of acorns by Jays in Hainault Forest. British Birds. 45: 359–364.Google Scholar
  10. Còme, D. 1970. Les obstacles à la germination. Masson et Cie, Paris. 162 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Connell, J. H. & R. O. Slatyer. 1977. Mechanisms of succession in natural communities and their role in community stability and organization. Amer. Natur. 111: 1119–1144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Crocker, W. & L. V. Barton. 1957. Physiology of seeds. An introduction to the experimental study of seed and germination problems. Chronica Botanica Company, Waltham. 267 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Daget, Ph., J., Poissonet. & P. Poissonet. 1978. Le statut thérophy tique des pelouses méditerranéennes du Languedoc in: J.-M. Géhu (ed.) La végétation des pelouses sèches à Thérophytes p. 81–99. J. Cramer, Vaduz.Google Scholar
  14. Debussche, M. 1978. Etude de la dynamique de la végétation sur le versant nord-ouest du Mont Aigoual. Thése doct.-ing., Univ. Sci. Tech. Languedoc, Montpellier, 2 vol.: 74 p. + 67 pp. + cartes.Google Scholar
  15. Demaison, A. 1976. Contribution à l’étude écologique du peuplement arthropodien frondicole des landes à Genêt purgatif (Cytisus purgans (L.) Benth.) dans les Cévennes. Thèse doct. spéc., Univ. Sci. Tech. Languedoc, Montpellier, 108 p.Google Scholar
  16. Dugrand, R. & G. Werey. 1971. Agriculture in: R. Dugrand (éd.): Atlas Régional du Languedoc-Roussillon. Berger- Levrault, Paris.Google Scholar
  17. Ellison, L. 1960. Influence of grazing on plant succession of rangelands. Botan. Rev. 26, 1: 1–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Escarré, J. 1979. Etude des successions végétales dans la séquence à Quercus lanuginosa Lamk des Garrigues du Montpel- liérais. Thèse doct. spéc., Univ. Sci. Tech. Languedoc, Montpellier.Google Scholar
  19. Forman, R.T.T. 1979. The Pine Barrens of New Jersey, an ecological mosaic in: R.T.T. Forman in: Pine Barrens. Ecosystem and Landscape (ed): Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  20. Fournier, P. 1961. Les quatre flores de la France, Corse comprise (générale, alpine, méditerranéenne, littorale). 1105 pp. Lechevalier, Paris.Google Scholar
  21. Gimingham, C. H. 1972. Ecology of heathlands. Chapman & Hall, London. 266 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Gimingham, C. H. 1978. Calluna and its associated species: some aspects of co-existence in communities. Vegetatio 36: 179–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Godron, M. & J. Lepart. 1975. Sur la représentation de la dynamique de la végétation au moyen de matrices de succession in: W. Schmidt (ed.) Sukzessionsforschung: p. 269–287. Cramer, Vaduz.Google Scholar
  24. Godron, M. & J. Lepart. 1975. Sur la représentation de la dynamique de la végétation au moyen de matrices de succession in: W. Schmidt (ed.) Sukzessionsforschung: p. 269–287. Cramer, Vaduz.Google Scholar
  25. Hanes, T. L. & H. W. Jones. 1967. Postfire chaparral succession in Southern California. Ecology 48: 259–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Harper, J. L. 1977. Population Biology of Plants. Academic Press, London, New-York, San Francisco. 892 pp.Google Scholar
  27. Heinemann, P. 1956–57. Les Landes à Calluna du district Picardo-Brabançon de Belgique. Vegetatio 2: 99–147.Google Scholar
  28. Horn, H. S. 1971. The adaptative geometry of trees. Princeton University Press, Princeton. 144 pp.Google Scholar
  29. Horton, J. S. & Kraebel, C. J. 1955. Development of vegetation after fire in the chamise chaparral of Southern California. Ecology 36: 244–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. King, L. J. 1966. Weeds of the world. Biology and control. Leonard Hill, London, New-York. 526 pp.Google Scholar
  31. King, L. J. 1966. Weeds of the world. Biology and control. Leonard Hill, London, New-York. 526 pp.Google Scholar
  32. Méthy, M. 1974. Interception du rayonnement solaire par différents types de végétation dans la région méditerranéenne. Thèse doct. Univ. Sci. Nat., Univ. Sci. Tech. Languedoc, Montpellier, 51 pp. + annexes.Google Scholar
  33. Monsi, M. & T. Saeki. 1953. Ùber den Lichtfaktor in den Pflanzengesellschaften und seine Bedeutung fur die Stoff- produktion. Jap. J. Botany 14: 22–52.Google Scholar
  34. Mooney, H. A. & D. J. Parson. 1973. Structures and function of the Californian chaparral. An example from San Dimas in: F. di Castri & H.A. Mooney (eds.) Ecological studies, 7, Mediterranean type ecosystems, Origin and structure, III, 1: 83–112. Berlin, Heidelberg, New-York.Google Scholar
  35. Niering, W. A. & F. E. Egler. 1955. A shrub community of Viburnum lentago, stable for twenty five years. Ecology 36: 356–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Niering, W. A. & B. H. Goodwin. 1974. Creation of relatively stable shrublands with herbicides: arresting ‘succession’ on rights-of-way and pastureland. Ecology 55: 784–795.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Noirfalise, A. & R. Vanesse. 1976. Les landes à bruyère de l’Europe occidentale. 54 pp. (Conseil de l’Europe édit.) Strasbourg.Google Scholar
  38. Patrie, J. H. & T. L. Hanes. 1964. Chaparral succession in a San Gabriel mountain area in California. Ecology 45: 353–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pavillard, J. 1935. Eléments de sociologie végétale. Act. scient, industr. 251: 102 p. Hermann et Cie, Paris.Google Scholar
  40. Peterson, R., G. Mountfort. & P. A. D. Hollom. 1967. Guide des Oiseaux d’Europe. 447 p. 4th ed. Delachaux et Niestlé, Neuchâtel.Google Scholar
  41. Pianka, E. R. 1978. Evolutionary Ecology. 397 pp. 2nd ed. Harper & Row, New-York, Hagerstown, San Francisco, London.Google Scholar
  42. Poissonet, P., F., Romane, M. Thiault & L. Trabaud. 1978. Evolution d’une garrigue de Quercus coccifera L. soumise à divers traitements: quelques résultats des cinq premières années. Vegetatio 38: 135–142.Google Scholar
  43. Shafi, M. I. & G. A. Yarranton. 1973. Diversity, floristic richness, and species evenness during a secondary (post-fire) succession. Ecology 54: 897–902.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Spatz, G. 1980. Succession patterns on mountain pastures. In E. van der Maarel (ed.) Advances in vegetation science, B. Succession. Vegetatio 43: 000–000.Google Scholar
  45. Trabaud, L. 1970. Quelques valeurs et observations sur la phytodynamique des surfaces incendiées dans le Bas-Languedoc. Naturalia Monspeliensia, 21: 231–242.Google Scholar
  46. Trabaud, L. & J. Lepart. 1980. Diversity and stability in Garrigue ecosystems after fire. In: E. van der Maarel (ed.) Advances in vegetation science, B. Succession. Vegetatio 43: 000–000.Google Scholar
  47. Treussier, M. 1975. Contribution à l’étude du peuplement micro- mammalien de l’Aigoual et des Causses. Thèse doct. spéc., Univ. Sci. Tech. Languedoc, Montpellier, 174 pp. + annexes.Google Scholar
  48. Turček, F. J. 1961. Ökologische Beziehungen der Vögel und Gehölze. Verl. Slow. Akad. Wiss., Bratislava.Google Scholar
  49. Watt, A.S. 1947. Pattern and process in the plant community. J. Ecol. 35: 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Webb, L. J., J. G. Tracey & W. T. Williams. 1972. Regeneration and pattern in the subtropical rain forest. J. Ecol. 60: 675–695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Whittaker, R. H. 1975. Functional aspects of succession in deciduous forests in: W. Schmidt (ed.): Sukzessionsforschung p. 377–405. Cramer, Vaduz.Google Scholar
  52. Yocom, H. A. 1968. Short leaf pine seed dispersal. J. Forest. 66: 422.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk bv Publishers, The Hague 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Debussche
    • 1
  • J. Escarré
    • 1
  • J. Lepart
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre d’Etudes Phytosociologiques et Ecologiques Louis EmbergerC.N.R.S.Montpellier, CedexFrance
  2. 2.Ecothèque MéditerranéenneC.N.R.S.Montpellier CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations