Optical properties, colour and turbidity

  • M. Dokulil
Part of the Monographiae Biologicae book series (MOBI, volume 37)


Insolation of the lake area varies little in consecutive years (Table 15.1) and is usually higher than in other parts of Austria (Chapter 5). The maximum deviation from the average of this region was five per cent during the period 1967 to 1973.


Light Penetration Secchi Depth Euphotic Zone Secchi Disc Soda Lake 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Balon, E. K. & Coche, A. G. 1974. Lake Kariba: a man-made tropical ecosystem in central Africa. Monographiae biologicae 24. W. Junk, The Hague.Google Scholar
  2. Banse, K., Falls, C. F. & Hobson, L. A. 1963. A gravimetric method for determining suspended matter using Millipore filters. Deep Sea Res. 10: 639–642.Google Scholar
  3. Dirmhirn, I. 1956. Über eine Beobachtung der Struktur der Eisdecke auf dem Neusiedler-See. Wetter und Leben 8: 73–75.Google Scholar
  4. Dokulil, M. 1974a. Der Neusiedlersee. (Österreich).-Ber. Naturhist. Ges. Hannover 118, 205–211.Google Scholar
  5. Dokulil, M. 1974b. Die Seetrübe und ihre Bedeutung. In: H. Löffler (ed.), Der Neusiedlersee: Naturgeschichte eines Steppensees. Molden, Vienna, pp. 52–54.Google Scholar
  6. Dokulil, M. 1975. Horizontal-und Vertikalgradienten in einem Flachsee (Neusiedlersee, Österreich). In: Verh. Ges. Ökologie, Wien 1975. W. Junk, The Hague, pp. 177–187.Google Scholar
  7. Dokulil, M., i.p. Light-turbidity-wind relations in a shallow lake: a predictive model. In preparation. Duckrow, R. M. & Everhart, W. H. 1971. Turbidity measurements. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 100: 682–690.Google Scholar
  8. Dvihally, Z. T. 1958. Untersuchung der selektiven Lichtabsorption in Natrongewässern vom Gesichtspunkt der Produktionsbiologie. Acta Biol. Hung. 8: 347–359.Google Scholar
  9. Dvihally, Z. T. 1961. Seasonal changes in the optical characteristics of a Hungarian sodic lake. Hydrobiologia 17: 193–204.Google Scholar
  10. Gelin, C. 1975. Nutrients, biomass and primary productivity of nannoplankton in eutrophic Lake Vombsjön, Sweden. Oikos 26: 121–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Holmes, R. W. 1970. The secchi disc in turbid coastal waters. Limnol. & Oceanogr. 15: 688–694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ichimura, S. 1956. On the ecological meaning of transparency for the production of matter in phytoplankton communities of lakes. Bot. Mag. 69: 219–226. Tokyo.Google Scholar
  13. Jones, D. & Wills, M. S. 1956. The attenuation of light in sea and estuarine waters in relation to the concentration of suspended solid matter. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 35: 431–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Koidsumi, K., Nagasawa, T. & Kawashima, S. 1969. Quantitative relations between concentrations of solids in suspension and the transparency or the turbidity of waters. Japanese J. Limnol. 30: 125–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kopf, F. 1967. Schlammbewegung im Neusiedlersee. Unpublished report.Google Scholar
  16. Lemoalle, J. 1973. L’Energie lumineuse et l’activite photosynthetique du phytoplancton dans le Lac Tchad. Orstom sér. Hydrobiol. 7: 95–116.Google Scholar
  17. Mahringer, W. 1969. Der Strahlungshaushalt des Neusiedler Sees im Jahre 1967. Arch. Met. Geoph. Biokl., Ser. B, 17: 51–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mayhew, M. C. 1971. Seston in Lake Michigan and Green Bay. In: R. R. Howmiller & A. M. Beeton (eds.), Center for Great Lakes studies special report 13. Center for Great Lakes Studies, Milwaukee, pp. 38–44.Google Scholar
  19. Panosch, K. 1973. Das Lichtklima des Neusiedlersees. Dissertation, University of Vienna.Google Scholar
  20. Postma, H. 1961. Suspended matter and secchi disc visibility in coastal waters. Neth. J. Sea. Res. 1: 359–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rawson, D. S. 1950. The physical limnology of Great Slave Lake. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 8: 1–66.Google Scholar
  22. Rhode, W. 1969. Standard correlations between pelagic photosynthesis and light. In: C. R. Goldman (ed.), Primary productivity in aquatic environments. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 365–381.Google Scholar
  23. Riley, G. A. 1941. Plankton studies IV: George’s Bank. Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Col. 7.Google Scholar
  24. Sauberer, F. 1945. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der optischen Eigenschaften der Kärntner Seen. Arch. Hydrobiol. 41: 258–314.Google Scholar
  25. Sauberer, F. 1952. Über das Licht im Neusiedlersee. Wetter und Leben 4: 12–15.Google Scholar
  26. Sauberer, F. 1953. Der WindeinfluB auf die Trubung des Neusiedlersees. Wetter und Leben 5: 200–203.Google Scholar
  27. Sauberer, F. & Ruttner, F. 1941. Die Strahlungsverhältnisse der Binnengewässer. Akademie, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  28. Schmolinsky, F. 1954. Einige Ergebnisse vergleichender Lichtmessungen an Seen des Hochschwarzwaldes und der Schweiz. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 20: 615–632.Google Scholar
  29. Steinhauser, F. (1970a): Kleinklimatische Untersuchung der Windverhältnisse am Neusiedlersee. Part one: Die Windrichtungen. Idõjárás 74: 76–88.Google Scholar
  30. Steinhauser, F. 1970b. Kleinklimatische Untersuchung der Windverhaltnisse am Neusiedlersee. Part two: Die Windstarken. Idöjárás 74: 324–345.Google Scholar
  31. Strickland, J. D. H. 1958. Solar radiation penetrating the ocean: a review of requirements, data and methods of measurement, with particular reference to photosynthetic productivity. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 15: 453–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tailing, J. F. 1965. The photosynthetic activity of phytoplankton in east African lakes. Int. Rev. Ges. Hydrobiol. 50: 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tailing, J. F., et al. 1973. The upper limit of photosynthetic productivity by phytoplankton: evidence from Ethiopian soda lakes. Freshwat. Biol. 3: 53–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tilzer, M. 1972. Dynamik und Produktivität von Phytoplankton und pelagischen Bakterien in einem Hochgebirgssee (Vorderer Finstertaler See, Österreich). Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 40: 201–273.Google Scholar
  35. Verduin, J. 1965. Primary production in lakes. Limnol. & Oceanogr. 1: 85–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Vollenweider, R. A. 1955. Ein Nomogramm zur Bestimmung des Transmissionkoeffizienten sowie einige Bemerkungen zur Methode seiner Berechnung in der Limnologie. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 17: 205–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Vollenweider, R. A. 1960. Beiträge zur Kenntnis optischer Eigenschaften der Gewässer und Primarproduktion. Mem. Ist. Ital. Idrobiol. 12: 201–244.Google Scholar
  38. Vollenweider, R. A. 1961. Photometric studies in inland waters I: Relation existing in the spectral extinction of light in water. Mem. Ist. Ital. Idrobiol. 13: 87–113.Google Scholar
  39. Vollenweider, R. A. 1969. The methodology of light measurements. In: R. A. Vollenweider (ed.), A manual on methods for measuring primary production in aquatic environments. IBP Handbook 12. Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 158–171.Google Scholar
  40. Withney, L. V. (1938). Transmission of solar energy and scattering produced by suspensions in lake waters. Tr. Wise. Acad. 31: 201.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk bv Publishers, The Hague 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Dokulil

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations