Prospects for Using Improved Climate Information to Better Manage Energy Systems
Given the rising costs of energy and the tight supply of key fuels, climate variations can have a major impact on society by affecting energy production and demand. The winter of 1976–77 brought continued drought to the western United States and cold weather to the eastern United States. This lifted U. S. energy demand for fossil fuels by the equivalent of 200 million barrels of oil. The weather pattern for that winter was an extreme version of a common pattern that is associated with colder than normal temperatures for most of the heavily populated north temperate zone. If such an extreme climate event had occurred during the winter of 1979–80, it would have increased the world oil shortfall by several percent making a bad situation worse. An international effort would be needed to determine the frequency and nature of such extreme climate variations, and to discover if these events are predictable. Monitoring of global temperature and precipitation data could provide early warning that world-wide energy consumption is unusually high. Use of such information could help ameliorate the impact of an extreme climate event on the global economy.
KeywordsDust Europe Transportation Propane Pyrolysis
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Brown, H.: 1976, “Energy in Our Future,” in Annual Review of Energy, Volume 1, J. M. Hollander and M. K. Simmons (eds.), Annual Reviews, Inc., Palo Also, CA, pp. 1–36.Google Scholar
- 2.National Climatic Center: 1979, “State, Regional, and National Monthly and Seasonal Heating Degree Days Weighted by Population,” Asheville, NC.Google Scholar
- 3.National Climatic Center: 1979, “State, Regional, and National Monthly and Annual Temperatures Weighted by Area,” Asheville, NC.Google Scholar
- 4.National Climatic Center: 1979, “State, Regional, and National Monthly and Annual Total Precipitation Weighted by Area,” Asheville, NC.Google Scholar
- 6.von Rudioff, H.: 1967, “Die Schwankungen und Pendelungen des Klimas,” in Europa seit dem Beginn der regelmassigen Instrumenten-Beobachtungen (1670), Braunschweig, Vieweg, 370 pp.Google Scholar
- 9.Federal Power Commission, Federal Energy Administration: 1977, “Impacts of the Western Drought on the Regional Electricity Situation,” Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
- 10.Task Force on Community and Physical Resources of the Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives: 1978, “Weather Impacts on the Budget and the Economy,” U. S. Government Printing Office TF-7-95-36, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
- 11.Bardin, D. J.: 1977, from “National Climate Program Act, Hearings before the Senate Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space,” Serial No. 95–33, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, pp. 137–152.Google Scholar
- 13.Mitchell, J., Felch, R. E., Gilman, D. L., Quinlan, F. T., and Rotty, R. M.: 1974, “Variability of Seasonal Total Heating Demand in the United States,” Environmental Data Service, pp. 4–9.Google Scholar