Application of X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy to the Study of Mineral Surface Chemistry

  • Mitchell H. Koppelman
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (ASIC, volume 63)


A majority of the chemical reactions generally associated with clay minerals, metal oxides, and other soil-related minerals occur at the interfaces between the minerals and their surroundings. Two of these interfaces occur at the gas/solid, and liquid/solid reaction sites with the common component being the solid mineral surface. Few reactions related to soil environments involve chemical reactions generated at atom sites in a mineral’s bulk. Therefore, much useful chemical insight can be achieved by examining the chemistry of atoms and reaction products associated with the surface region of these minerals.


Binding Energy Photoelectric Cross Section Core Electron Binding Energy Photopeak Intensity Relative Peak Enhancement 
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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitchell H. Koppelman
    • 1
  1. 1.Georgia Kaolin ResearchSpringfieldUSA

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