Logic and Linguistics

  • Gerald J. Massey
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 149)


The paths of logic and linguistics, long divergent, were reunited in 1957. The publication in that year of Chomsky’s Syntactic Structures ushered in a new and exciting era in linguistics. I Equipped with methods adequate to deal with the creative aspects of language, methods bequeathed to them by logicians, modern linguists attacked with zest problems whose outlines had been perceived by their forerunners centuries ago.2 In particular, the problem of logical form, the problem of accounting structurally for logical consequence relations among the sentences of a natural language, was soon restored to its place as one of the central problems of linguistics. With the restoration came new demands. Hitherto, grammarians could rest content with taxonomic descriptions of sentence structure; thereafter, they would be obliged to supply theoretical explanations.


Natural Language Deep Structure Logical Theory Tense Logic Linguistic Intuition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bartsch, R. and Vennemann, T., Semantic Structures, Athenäum Verlag, Frankfurt/Main, 1972.Google Scholar
  2. Chomsky, Noam, Syntactic Structures, Mouton & Co., The Hague, 1957.Google Scholar
  3. Chomsky, Noam, Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, Mouton & Co., The Hague, 1964.Google Scholar
  4. Chomsky, Noam, Topics in the Theory of Generative Grammar, Mouton & Co., The Hague, 1966.Google Scholar
  5. Chomsky, Noam, Aspects of the Theory of Syntax, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1965.Google Scholar
  6. Chomsky, Noam ‘Deep Structure, Surface Structure, and Semantic Interpretation’, reprinted in Steinberg and Jakobovits, Semantics, pp. 183–216.Google Scholar
  7. Chomsky, N., Halle, M., and Lukoff, F., ‘On Accent and Juncture in English’, in Halle, Hunt, and MacLean (eds.), For Roman Jakobson, Monton & Co., The Hague, 1956.Google Scholar
  8. Cocchiarella, Nino, Tense Logic: A Study of Temporal Reference, Ph.D. dissertation, U.C.L.A., 1966.Google Scholar
  9. Copi, Irving, Introduction to Logic ( 4th edition ), Macmillan Co., New York, 1972.Google Scholar
  10. Copi, Irving, Symbolic Logic ( 3rd edition ), Macmillan Co., New York, 1967.Google Scholar
  11. Davidson, D. and Harman G. (eds.), The Logic of Grammar, Dickenson Publishing Co., Inc., Encino, California, 1975.Google Scholar
  12. Davidson, D. and Harman, G. Semantics of Natural Language, D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, 1972.Google Scholar
  13. Davis, Steven, Philosophy and Language, The Bobbs-Merrill Co., Inc., Indianapolis, 1972.Google Scholar
  14. Dougherty, Ray, ‘A Grammar of Coordinate Conjoined Structures: I and II’, Language 46 (1970), 850–898, and 47 (1971), 298–339.Google Scholar
  15. Einstein, Albert, ‘Geometry and Experience’, reprinted in Feigl and Brodbeck (eds.), Readings in the Philosophy of Science, pp. 189–194.Google Scholar
  16. Fauconnier, Gilles, ‘Pragmatic Scales and Logical Structure’, Linguistic Inquiry 6 (1975), 353–375.Google Scholar
  17. Feigl, H. and Brodbeck, M. (eds.), Readings in the Philosophy of Science, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., New York, 1953.Google Scholar
  18. Frege, Gottlob, Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik. Eine logisch-mathematische Untersu-chung über den Begriff der Zahl. Breslau, 1884.Google Scholar
  19. Frege, Gottlob, Grundgesetze der Arithmetik. Begriffschriftlich abgeleitet. Jena, 1893–1903.Google Scholar
  20. Grünbaum, Adolf, Philosophical Problems of Space and Time, Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York, 1963.Google Scholar
  21. Gleitman, Lila, ‘Coordinating Conjunctions in English’, Language 41 (1965), 260–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Harman, Gilbert, ‘Logical Form’, in Davidson and Harman (eds.), The Logic of Grammar, pp. 289–307.Google Scholar
  23. Hendry, H. and Massey, G. J., ‘On the Concepts of Sheffer Functions’, in K. Lambert (ed.), The Logical Way of Doing Things, pp. 279–293.Google Scholar
  24. Hintikka, Jaakko, Knowledge and Belief, Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, 1962.Google Scholar
  25. Hughes, G. E. and Cresswell, M. J., An Introduction to Modal Logic, Methuen & Co., Ltd., London, 1968.Google Scholar
  26. Jacobs, R. and Rosenbaum P. (eds.), Readings in English Transformational Grammar, Ginn Publ. Co., Waltham, 1970.Google Scholar
  27. Katz, Jerrold J., Semantic Theory, Harper & Row, Pubs., New York, 1972.Google Scholar
  28. Katz, J. J. and Postal P. M., An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Descriptions, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1964.Google Scholar
  29. Lakoff, George, ‘Linguistics and Natural Logic’, reprinted in Davidson and Harman (eds.), Semantics of Natural Language, pp. 545–665.Google Scholar
  30. Lakoff, G. and Peters, S., ‘Phrasal Conjunction and Symmetric Predicates’, in Reibel and Schane (eds.), Modern Studies in English, pp. 113–142.Google Scholar
  31. Lambert, Karel (ed.), The Logical Way of Doing Things, Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1969.Google Scholar
  32. Leonard, H. and Goodman, N., ‘The Calculus of Individuals and its Uses’, J. Symbolic Logic 5 (1940), 45–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Massey, Gerald J., ‘Tom, Dick, and Harry, and All the King’s Men’ American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (1976), 89–107.Google Scholar
  34. Massey, Gerald J., ‘Are There Any Good Arguments That Bad Arguments Are Bad?’, Philosophy in Context 4 (1975), 61–77 (published by Cleveland State University).Google Scholar
  35. Massey, Gerald J., ‘In Defense of the Asymmetiy’, Philosophy in Context, Supp. 4 (1975), 44–56.Google Scholar
  36. McCawley, James, ‘A Program for Logic’, in Davidson and Harman (eds.), Semantics of Natural Language, pp. 498–544.Google Scholar
  37. Montague, Richard, ‘Pragmatics’, reprinted in Thomason (ed.), Formal Philosophy, pp. 95–118.Google Scholar
  38. Montague, Richard, ‘Pragmatics and Intensional Logic’, reprinted in Thomason (ed.), Formal Philosophy, pp. 118–147.Google Scholar
  39. Montague, Richard, ‘English as a Formal Language’, reprinted in Thomason (ed.), Formal Philosophy, pp. 188–221.Google Scholar
  40. Montague, Richard, ‘Universal Grammar’, reprinted in Thomason (ed.), Formal Philosophy, pp. 222–246.Google Scholar
  41. Montague, Richard, ‘The Proper Treatment of Quantification in Ordinary English’, reprinted in Thomason (ed.), Formal Philosophy, pp. 247–270.Google Scholar
  42. Pizzi, Claudio (ed.), La Logica del Tempo, Boringhieri, Turin, 1974.Google Scholar
  43. Poincaré, Henri, The Foundations of Science, The Science Press, Lancaster, 1946.Google Scholar
  44. Prior, Arthur N., Time and Modality, The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1957.Google Scholar
  45. Prior, Arthur N., Past, Present, and Future, The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1967.Google Scholar
  46. Quine, W. V. O., ‘Logic as a Source of Syntactical Insights’, reprinted in Davidson and Harman (eds.), The Logic of Grammar, pp. 75–78.Google Scholar
  47. Quine, W. V. O., ‘Implicit Definition Sustained’, reprinted in Quine, The Ways of Paradox and other Essay, pp. 195–198.Google Scholar
  48. Quine, W. V. O., The Ways of Paradox and other Essays, Random House, New York, 1966.Google Scholar
  49. Reibel, D. and Schane S, (eds.), Modern Studies in English, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, 1969.Google Scholar
  50. Ross, James R., ‘On Declarative Sentences’, in Jacobs and Rosenbaum (eds.), Readings in English Transformational Grammar, pp. 222–273.Google Scholar
  51. Seuren, Pieter, Semantic Syntax, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1974.Google Scholar
  52. Steinberg, D. and Jakobovits L. (eds.), Semantics, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1971.Google Scholar
  53. Thomason, Richmond (ed.), Formal Philosophy: Selected Papers of Richard Montague, Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1974.Google Scholar
  54. Whitehead, A. N. and Russell, B., Principia Mathematica, 3 volumes, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1910–1913.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald J. Massey
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations