The Sociological and the Methodological in the Study of Changes in Science
One of the main arguments put forward by numerous opponents of T. Kuhn claims that he mixes unjustifiably the methodological and the sociological aspects of the problem in his analysis of scientific revolutions. Even his adherent M. Masterman reproaches him for his use of the key concept ‘paradigm’ in various meanings that include both sociological and methodological ones. And, in general, in the analysis of science the postulate of the inadmissibility of mixing the above aspects or approaches (understood in this context in the broadest sense of the word) is accepted very frequently as something self-obvious which does not require any justification.
KeywordsScientific Revolution Rational Reconstruction Copernican Revolution Sociological Aspect Externalist Explanation
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- Lakatos, I.: 1971, ‘History of Science and its Rational Reconstructions’, PSA 1970, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 8, ed. by R.C. Buck and R.S. Cohen, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, pp. 91–136 (see especially p. 105).Google Scholar