The Concept of Indicator in The Social Sciences

  • Tadeusz Pawlowski
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 144)


Frequently, the aim of social research is to find answers to questions concerning various attitudes, character traits, opinions, general characteristics of individuals or social groups. In such questions reference is often made to such concepts as religious strictness, modernity of attitude, tolerance of deviance, alienation, frustration, authoritarian personality, social status, effectiveness of communication within a social group, low (high) morale in an individual or in a social group. Many more examples could be quoted without difficulty. If we consider such concepts more closely, we find two characteristics which they have in common and which are of great methodological importance.


Social Group Galvanic Skin Response Indicator Relation Empirical Statement Definitional Indicator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tadeusz Pawlowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PhilosophyUniversity of LodzPoland

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