Euclidean Yang-Mills and Related Equations

  • Basilis Gidas
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (ASIC, volume 54)


By a generally accepted philosphy, the basic constituents of hadrons (protons, neutrons, mesons, etc.) are quarks. But quarks have never been directly confirmed by experiment because they have never been isolated. The proposition has been that quarks are permanently confined inside hadrons and cannot be liberated in high energy particle collisions. It is expected that pairs (and some triplets) of quarks are attracted by forces which increase linearly with the distance between quarks. Thus when the quarks are near to each other they behave like free particles (“asymptotic freedom”), while when they are separated their attractive forces keep them together in the form of a bound state. According to this philosophy, we observe only these bound states (i.e. protons, neutrons, mesons, etc.)


Modulus Space Gauge Transformation Singular Solution Landau Gauge Isolate Singularity 
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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Basilis Gidas
    • 1
  1. 1.Courant Institute of Mathematical SciencesNew York UniversityUSA

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