Situational Context and Illocutionary Force
In the last few years questions concerning the relations between social interaction and language have come to the fore in linguistic research. Language is more and more considered to be an instrument of interaction, after a long period of favouring the investigation of linguistic expressions used to describe facts in reality. Since language mainly was studied from the viewpoint of its descriptive function, the connection between language structure and conditions of communication has not been focussed on. Consequently, the nature of language has been viewed rather narrowly. In his criticism of Chomsky’s approach to linguistic theory Searle (1972) focussed attention on just this point.
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