Cultural Policies

  • Pierre François Gonidec


This aspect of African politics is rarely taken into consideration by political scientists in evaluating African political regimes. Yet it is essential in order to specify the political orientation of African States. Ultimately, there can be no real development unless African States succeed in promoting a national culture, in the widest sense of the term, that is to say both liberated from foreign domination and covering the whole of the population, which is one of the conditions of the construction of the nation (cf. the work by M. Eliou already cited). It is undeniable that progress has been accomplished since independence, but there exist factors which hold it back or even block it.


National Culture School Attendance Ivory Coast African State Colonial Power 
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  1. 2.
    IEDES: L’enseignement en Afrique tropicale, PUF, 1971, p.377; also the special issue of the journal ‘Tiers Monde’ devoted to education (1975) and the bibliography referred to in the work by M. Eliou already cited.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    On this point, see Bruno Etienne: L’Algérie, culture et révolution, Editions du Seuil, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    See the document From Nairobi to Lagos, Lagos Conference, 1976; this document sums up the different forms of aid supplied to African States, and to national liberation movements.Google Scholar
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    ‘L’assistance en personnel,’ paper presented at the Franco-British Symposium on Independence and Cooperation, May 1976, FNSP, Paris.Google Scholar
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    See the reports presented to the Conference of African Ministers of Education held under the auspices of UNESCO in Lagos in 1976.Google Scholar
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    Cf. M. Blaug: Education and the Employment Problem in Developing Countries, ILO, 1974.Google Scholar
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    This point should be treated with reservations. The choice of the system of the former colonial power is sometimes quite voluntary (see p. 319 above).Google Scholar
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    See L.J. Calvet: Linguistique et colonialisme, Petit Traité de Glothophagie, Payot, Paris, 1974; and the UNESCO document already cited, p. 17.Google Scholar
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© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers bv, The Hague 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre François Gonidec

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