Cultural Policies

  • Pierre François Gonidec

Abstract

This aspect of African politics is rarely taken into consideration by political scientists in evaluating African political regimes. Yet it is essential in order to specify the political orientation of African States. Ultimately, there can be no real development unless African States succeed in promoting a national culture, in the widest sense of the term, that is to say both liberated from foreign domination and covering the whole of the population, which is one of the conditions of the construction of the nation (cf. the work by M. Eliou already cited). It is undeniable that progress has been accomplished since independence, but there exist factors which hold it back or even block it.

Keywords

Income Expense Sine Egypt Nigeria 

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Notes

  1. 2.
    IEDES: L’enseignement en Afrique tropicale, PUF, 1971, p.377; also the special issue of the journal ‘Tiers Monde’ devoted to education (1975) and the bibliography referred to in the work by M. Eliou already cited.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    On this point, see Bruno Etienne: L’Algérie, culture et révolution, Editions du Seuil, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    See the document From Nairobi to Lagos, Lagos Conference, 1976; this document sums up the different forms of aid supplied to African States, and to national liberation movements.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    See the Gorse Report, which though not contained in any official publication, is now well known; also the work already cited by A. Bourgi, Part 2, Section I, chap. III.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    ‘L’assistance en personnel,’ paper presented at the Franco-British Symposium on Independence and Cooperation, May 1976, FNSP, Paris.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    See: Britain and the Commonwealth, COI, London, 1977, pp.28 et seq.; and the papers presented at the Montreal Symposium (March/April 1977), ‘Francophonie et Commonwealth: mythe ou réalité?’.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Les nouveaux Etats dans les relations internationales; also papers presented at the Montreal Symposium, ‘Francophonie et Commonwealth: mythe ou réalité?’. Centre Québécois de Relations Internationales, 31 March to 2 April 1977.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    See the reports presented to the Conference of African Ministers of Education held under the auspices of UNESCO in Lagos in 1976.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Cf. M. Blaug: Education and the Employment Problem in Developing Countries, ILO, 1974.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    See the three UNESCO publications mentioned in Part IV, chapter I, note 34, and the survey by A. Hopkins in The Times Educational Supplement, 25 February 1977.Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    The Political Dilemma of Popular Education, Stanford University Press, 1969.Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    Cf. B. Sine: Impérialisme et théories sociologiques du développement, Editions Anthropos, 1975.Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    Education in Africa. Evolution, reforms, prospects’, (Ed.-76/MINEDAF/3), p. 14.Google Scholar
  14. 15.
    This point should be treated with reservations. The choice of the system of the former colonial power is sometimes quite voluntary (see p. 319 above).Google Scholar
  15. 16.
    See L.J. Calvet: Linguistique et colonialisme, Petit Traité de Glothophagie, Payot, Paris, 1974; and the UNESCO document already cited, p. 17.Google Scholar
  16. 17.
    ‘L’arabisation dans les pays du Maghreb s’oppose-t-elle au transfert des modèles culturels francais?’, paper presented at the ‘Indépendance et dépendance’ Symposium, FNSP, May 1976; and his study in ‘Introduction à l’Afrique du Nord contemporaine’, CNRS, 1975.Google Scholar
  17. 18.
    J. Ki-Zerbo: La culture africaine, Algiers Symposium, 1969, p.343.Google Scholar
  18. 19.
    See the document entitled. ‘Educational innovations in Africa’, Lagos Conference, UNESCO, 1976.Google Scholar
  19. 20.
    UNESCO, ED-76/MINEDAF/3, p. 15.Google Scholar
  20. 21.
    Document presented at the Lagos Conference, 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers bv, The Hague 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre François Gonidec

There are no affiliations available

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