The Human Sciences (Geisteswissenschaften)

  • Ilse N. Bulhof
Part of the Martinus Nijhoff Philosophy Library book series (MNPL, volume 2)


The goal of this chapter is threefold: first, to examine Dilthey’s social background and the ideological aspects of his work; second, to describe the combined challenge that positivism and historicism posed to his thought and; third, to analyze Dilthey’s first response to this double challenge. I will begin the chapter with examining his environment. This will provide us with a background for the interpretation of his work.


Natural Science Human Life Human Mind Human Science Historical Reason 
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  1. 1.
    Wilhelm Dilthey, “Versuch einer Analyse des Moralischen Bewuszt- seins,” Gesammelte Schriften. Stuttgart: B. G. Teubner Verlagsgesellschaft; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1958 - present. 18 vols.Vol. VI, 1–26.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Leonard Krieger, The German Idea of Freedom. History of a Political Tradition. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1957, p. 405.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Fritz Karl Ringer, The Decline of the German Mandarins. The German Academic Community 1890–1933. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969, pp. 7–52.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    See Hans-Joachim Lieber, “Geschichte und Gesellschaft im Denken Diltheys,” in Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, XVII (1965), 703–742.Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    Wilhelm Dilthey, Briefwechselzwischen Wilhelm Dilthey und dem Grafen Paul Yorck von Wartenburg, 1877–1897. Halle (Saale): Verlag Max Niemeyer, 1923, p. 20.Google Scholar
  6. 15.
    Frank Miller Turner, Between Science and Religion. The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1974. See for the development of psychology in Germany, chapter III.Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    John Hermann Randall, Jr., The Career of Philosophy. From the Enlightenment to the Age of Darwin. New York and London: Columbia University Press, 1970, p. 3.Google Scholar
  8. 48.
    Immanuel Kant, On History. Indianapolis and New York: The Bobbs- Merrill Company, 1963, p. 12.Google Scholar

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© Martinus Nijhoff Publisher bv, The Hague 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilse N. Bulhof

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