Philosophy and Education
The traditional form of educational philosophy, which originated with Plato, was that of grand system building. That approach, which may be described as “applied philosophy”, had its last major exponent in John Dewey. In the twentieth century it has been supplanted by approaches which consider the process of education itself to be the source of issues which may be resolved by philosophical means. So, under the influence of positivism recent philosphy of education has been directed towards solving, or dissolving, confusions of linguistic origin. In addition, the contributing disciplines, especially psychology and sociology, have been amenable to philosophical enquiry. In recent years, further issues have arisen outside the classroom and community which require a philosophical, value-oriented approach such as culture conflict, advancing technology and global eco-issues. Currently, educational issues have been extended to concern with the individual and problems of humanization. Philosophy continues to play a significant role in helping to reconcile divergent pressures, towards the end of realizing the dignity of man in an increasingly interdependent world.
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