Changes in pH and their interpretation
Due to the compensating mechanisms of the buffers, lungs and kidneys any primary alteration in the value of either component of the [HCO 3 − ] [H2CO3] ratio invokes a compensatory change in the other component, thus reducing the extent of the initial change in the pH. For example, in a respiratory acidosis with a PCO2 of 80 mmHg (10.6 kPa), if there were no compensatory rise in HCO 3 − , the pH would be 7.1; in other words
KeywordsMetabolic Acidosis Metabolic Alkalosis Respiratory Alkalosis Primary Change Standard Bicarbonate
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© F. Wilson and W.G. Park 1980