Ocular Echometry in the Diagnosis of Congenital Glaucoma

  • R. Sampaolesi
Part of the Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series book series (DOPS, volume 29)


Thirty-three eyes of 18 normal infants and children and 22 eyes of 15 infants and children in whom congenital glaucoma had been diagnosed were measured by echometry. The anterior chamber depth, vitreous length and axial length were significantly greater in glaucomatous eyes, while the lens thickness was smaller in glaucomatous eyes. The axial length of normal eyes was found to increase with age according to the equation: axial length = 18.7 + 2.245 log (age in months.) The confidence interval of the normal growth curve allows the prediction of the maximum normal axial length for any given age. In congenital glaucoma cases, in which the visual fields and daily pressure curve cannot be evaluated, clinical echometry is proposed as a very valuable diagnostic and follow-up procedure.


Intraocular Pressure Anterior Chamber Axial Length Applanation Tonometry Anterior Chamber Depth 
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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Sampaolesi
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Ophthalmology, School of MedicineUniversity of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina

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