Monocularly Evoked Cortical Potentials to Simultaneous Stimulation of Central and Peripheral Human Retina with Different Patterns

  • C. Teping
  • A. Groneberg
Part of the Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series book series (DOPS, volume 27)

Abstract

In order to determine the relative contribution of different parts of the retina to the visually evoked cortical potential (VECP) the eye was exposed to separate, 90° phase-displaced checkerboard stimulation of central (4° in diameter) and peripheral (14° x 18°, center occluded) parts of the human retina. With high contrast central stimuli of 18 minutes of arc the VECP was always greater than the response to peripheral stimuli between 4 and 390 min of arc. With high contrast peripheral stimulation of 96 min of arc the central response to stimuli of 18 min of arc was suppressed only if the Stimulus to the central field was less than 10 per cent contrast, if the check size of the central stimulus was smaller than 6 min of arc, or if central vision was blurred to less than 0.25 visual acuity. Simultaneous phase-shifted stimuli of the central (18 min of arc) and the peripheral (96 min of arc) parts of the retina led always to a predominance of the central retina. This was not seen when the VECPs in response to separate stimulation of the central and peripheral parts of the retina were added with the aid of a computer.

Keywords

Retina Peri Glaucoma Amblyopia 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arden, G. B., Faulkner, D. J. & Mair, C. A versatile television pattern generator for visual evoked potentials. In: Visual evoked potentials in man: new developments. (Ed. J. E. Desmedt) Clarendon Press, Oxford. 90–109 (1977).Google Scholar
  2. Cappin, J. M. & Nissim, S. Visual evoked responses in the assessment of field defects in glaucoma. Arch. Ophthal. 93: 9–18 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Cobb, W. A., Morton, H. B. & Ettlinger, G. Cerebral potentials evoked by pattern reversal and their suppression in visual rivalry. Nature 216: 1123–1125 (1967).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Groneberg A. Simultaneously recorded retinal and cortical potentials elicited by checkerboard stimuli. In 17th ISCEV Symposium. Ed. E. Schmöger & J. Kelsey. Junk The Hague. Doc. Ophthal. Proc. Series 23. 255–262 1980Google Scholar
  5. Groneberg, A. & Teping, C. Pattern evoked cortical potentials to simultaneous stimulation of both eyes. In: 18th ISCEV Symposium. (Ed. H. Spekreijse & P. A. Apkarian) Junk, The Hague. (Doc. Ophthal. Proc. Series Vol. 27) This volume (1981).Google Scholar
  6. Groneberg, A. & Teping, C. Topodiagnostik von Sehstörungen durch Ableitung retinaler und kortikaler Antworten auf Umkehr-Kontrastmuster. Ber. Dtsch. Ophthalmol. Ges. 77:409–415(1980).Google Scholar
  7. Harter, M. R. Evoked cortical responses to checkerboard patterns: Effects of check size as a function of retinal eccentricity. Vis. Res. 10: 1365–1376 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Regan, D. & Cartwright, R. F. A method of measuring the potentials evoked by simultaneous stimulation of different retinal regions. Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol. 28:314–319(1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Spekreijse, H., Khoe, L. H. & Van der Tweel, L. H. A case of amblyopia: electrophysiology and psychophysics of luminance and contrast. In: The visual system Neurophysiology, biophysics and their clinical applications. (Ed. G. B. Arden). Plenum Press, New York. (Recent Advances in Exp. Biol. and Med. Vol. 24). 141–156 (1972).Google Scholar
  10. Wiesel, T. N. & Hubel, D. H. Spatial and chromatic interactions in the lateral geniculate body of the rhesus monkey. J. Neurophysiol. 29: 1115–1156 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Teping
    • 1
  • A. Groneberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Abt. f. Augenheilkunde Medizin. FakultätRhein.-Westf. Techn. HochschuleAachenGermany
  2. 2.Augenklinik der T. U.MünchenGermany

Personalised recommendations