Tephra Studies pp 227-244 | Cite as

Quaternary Tephrochronology in the Mediterranean Region

  • Jörg Keller
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (ASIC, volume 75)


Quaternary volcanism in the Mediterranean region was highly explosive, especially in the Roman-Campanian province, the Aeolian Islands and the Hellenic island arc. Pantelleria and Etna were less explosive. Tephra layers originating from all of these volcanoes have been encountered in Quaternary sediments. A summary of tephra layer occurrences in the Mediterranean Quaternary record is given in this paper. Correlation results and petrographic characterization techniques are described.

Examples for widely distributed tephra layers come mainly from sediment coring in the deep sea, but include examples on land several hundred kilometers from the inferred source volcanoes. Identified sources are mainly from the Campanian province, including Ischia, the Phlegrean volcanic area and Somma-Vesuvius. Others are from Pantelleria, Lipari, Etna and Santorini.


Glass Shard Tephra Layer Piston Core Aeolian Island Quaternary Sequence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Mellis, O.: 1954, Deep-Sea Research 2, pp. 89–92.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Norin, E.: 1958, Reports Swedish Deep-Sea Exped. 1947–48, pp. 4–136.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Olausson, E.: 1961, Reports Swedish Deep-Sea Exped. 1947–48, pp. 337–391.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ryan, W.B.F.: 1972, in: The Mediterranean Sea (D.J. Stanley, ed. ), pp. 149–169.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Keller, J., Ryan, W.B.F., Ninkovich, D. and Altherr, R.: 1978, Geol. Soc. America Bull. 89, pp. 591–604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    McCoy, F.W.: 1980–81, Marine Geology, in press.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Keller, J. and Leiber, J.: 1974, METEOR-Forschungsergebnisse C, 19, pp. 62–76.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    McCoy, F.W.: 1980, in: Thera and the Aegean World (C. Doumas, ed.) 2, pp. 57–78.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ninkovich, D. and Heezen, B.C.: 1965, Colston-Paper 17, pp. 413–453.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Thunell, R.C., Federman, A.N., Sparks., R.S.J, and Williams,D.F.: 1979, Quaternary Research 12, pp. 241–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Watkins, N.D., Sparks, R.S.J., Sigurdsson, H., Huang, T.C., Federman, A.N., Carey, S. and Ninkovich, D.: 1978, Nature 271, pp. 122–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cita, M.B., Chierci, M.A., Ciampo, G., Moncharmont, M.,D’Onofrio, S., Ryan, W.B.F. and Scorziello, R.: 1972, Initial Reports of the DSDP 13, pp. 1263–1339.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Keller, J. and Ninkovich, D.: 1972, Zeitschrift Deutsche Geol. Ges. 123, pp. 579–587.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Straaten, L.M.J.U.: 1967, Revue Géogr. Phys. et Géol. Dynam. 9, pp. 219–240.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ryan, W.B.F., Workum, F. and Hersey, J.B.: 1965, Geol. Soc. America Bull 76, pp. 1261–1282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nesteroff, W.D., Wezel, F.C. and Pautot, G.: 1972, Initial Reports of the DSDP 13, pp. 1034–1035.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Federman, A.N. and Carey, S.N.: 1980, Quaternary Research 13, pp. 160–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Keller, J.: 1980, in: Thera and the Aegean World (C. Doumas, ed.), 2, pp. 49–56.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Doumas, C. and Papazoglou, L.: 1980, Nature 287, pp. 322–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Günther, D. and Pichler, H.: 1973, Neues Jahrb. Geol. Pälaont. Monatshefte 1973, pp. 394–415.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Friedrich, W.L. and Pichler, H.: 1976, Nature 262, pp. 373–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Keller, J.: 1971, in: Acta Intern. Scientific Congr. on the Volcano of Thera (S. Marinatos, ed. ), pp. 152–167.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ninkovich, D. and Heezen, B.C.: 1967, Nature 213, pp. 582–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Farrand, W.R.: 1977, Geol. Soc. America Abstracts with Programs 9, p. 971.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Barberi, F.,Innocenti, F., Lirer, L., Munno, R.,Pescatore, T. and Santacroce, R.: 1978, Bull. Volcanol. 41, pp. 10–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Vitaliano, C.J., Farrand, W.R., Jacobsen, T.W. and Taylor,S.R.:1980, this volume.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Seward, D., Wagner, G.A. and Pichler, H.: 1980, in: Thera and the Aegean World (C. Doumas, ed.) 2, pp. 101–108.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hsu, K.J. et al.: 1978, Initial Reports of the DSDP 42, pp. 151–174.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Evernden, J.F. and Curtis, G.H.: 1965, Curr. Anthropology pp. 343–364.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hsu, K.J. et al.: 1978, Initial Reports of the DSDP 42, pp. 219–304.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lirer, L., Pescatore, T. and Scandone, P.: 1967, Atti Accademia Gioenia Sci. Nat., Catania 18, pp. 85–115.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörg Keller
    • 1
  1. 1.Mineralogisches Institut der UniversitätFreiburgWest Germany

Personalised recommendations