Tephra Studies pp 227-244 | Cite as

Quaternary Tephrochronology in the Mediterranean Region

  • Jörg Keller
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (ASIC, volume 75)

Abstract

Quaternary volcanism in the Mediterranean region was highly explosive, especially in the Roman-Campanian province, the Aeolian Islands and the Hellenic island arc. Pantelleria and Etna were less explosive. Tephra layers originating from all of these volcanoes have been encountered in Quaternary sediments. A summary of tephra layer occurrences in the Mediterranean Quaternary record is given in this paper. Correlation results and petrographic characterization techniques are described.

Examples for widely distributed tephra layers come mainly from sediment coring in the deep sea, but include examples on land several hundred kilometers from the inferred source volcanoes. Identified sources are mainly from the Campanian province, including Ischia, the Phlegrean volcanic area and Somma-Vesuvius. Others are from Pantelleria, Lipari, Etna and Santorini.

Keywords

Zircon Sedimentation Explosive Drilling Magnetite 

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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörg Keller
    • 1
  1. 1.Mineralogisches Institut der UniversitätFreiburgWest Germany

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