Tropical Climate Variations during Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene

  • H. Flohn
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (ASIC, volume 72)


In this lecture, some of the main results about the climatic history of the Tropics and Subtropics are collected; emphasis is not laid on the factual description, but on the surprisingly large hydrological changes during the last 30 000 years and on a tentative geophysical interpretation of these facts. In order not to burden the paper too much with references, some recent multi-author proceedings are quoted (1,2,4,5,6) and only a few specialized papers will be quoted separately. Main emphasis is laid on the climatic history of the Sahara and the adjacent arid belt, in relation to the equatorial rain-forests of Africa, The key issues can be derived from the ocean cores from the low-latitude Atlantic and Pacific (2) and from the air-sea interaction in tropical latitudes, A wealth of data exists also from Australia (4,7,8) while India was somewhat neglected (see however Duplessy (23)). For a geophysical interpretation the most essential evolution of the polar-continental ice-sheets and the marine drift-ice must be taken into account.


Dust Europe Sedimentation Holocene Pyramid 


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Flohn
    • 1
  1. 1.Meteorologisches Institut der Universitat BonnGermany

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