Measurement of Ignition Kinetics in Liquids Under Pressure

  • C. M. Lownds
  • R. Hughes
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (ASIC, volume 71)

Abstract

A method is presented which enables ignition in exothermic systems to be studied under high pressure and temperature. Experimental details are given for pressures up to 4 kbar and temperatures up to 2000 K. The technique applied to aqueous hydrazine mononitrate had a temperature limit of 830 K and produced different kinetic data for the two methods of analysis used. The extrapolated rates do, however, bracket that estimated from detonation experiments.

Keywords

Combustion Carbide Platinum Tungsten Syringe 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bardo, R.D., et al: 1979, Combustion and Flame 35 No. 3, pp. 259–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chaiken, R.F.: 1978, “Symposium on High Dynamic Pressures, Paris,” pp. 41–53.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kanel, G.I.: 1978, Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva 14 No. 1, pp. 113–117.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lee, E.L., et al: 1970, “Fifth Symposium (International) on Detonation,” pp. 331–338.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bowden, F.P., et al: 1956, Disc. Farad. Soc. 22, pp. 182–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kassel, C., et al: 1978, “Symposium on High Dynamic Pressures, Paris,” pp. 67–78.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wenograd, J.: 1961, Trans. Farad. Soc., pp. 1612–1620.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Donaldson, A.B.: 1976, “International Pyrotechnics Seminar, Colorado,” SAND-76-5209.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zarko, V.E., and Khlevnoi, S.S.: 1968, Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva 4 No. 2, pp. 158–170.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Altman, D., and Grant, A.F.: 1953, “Proceedings Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion,” pp. 158–161.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Averson, A.E., et al: 1968, Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva 4 No. 1, pp. 20–32.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chan, S.K., and Kirchnerova, J.: 1978, “18th Explosives Safety Seminar, U.S. Dept. of Defense, San Antonio, Texas.”Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lavergue, A., and Whalley, E.: 1978, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 49 No. 7, pp. 923–925.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lloyd, E.C.: 1971, “Accurate Characterization of the High Pressure Environment,” Nat. Bus. Stand. ( U.S.) Spec. Publ. 326.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Downs, J.L., and Payne, R.T.: 1969, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40 No. 10, pp. 1278–1280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jayaraman, A., et al: 1967, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38 No. 1, pp. 44–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hamann, S.D., and Teplitzky, D.R.: 1956, Disc. Farad. Soc. 22 pp. 114–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    FARNELL Stabilized Power Supply type H60/50.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    NICOLET Explorer III Digital Oscilloscope with Plug-in 204-2. 8 bit resolution, 50μs/pt on each of 2 channels.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Manganin wire. WM-43 Alloy. 30μm diameter. ΔR/RO=2.41 x 10−6 bar−1. Supplied by Temple Electrical Co. (U.K.).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kaye, G.W.C., and Laby, T.H.: 1975, “Tables of Physical and Chemical Constants,” 14th Ed., Longman.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Delgado Domingos, J.J., and Antunes, D.S.: 1969, Rev. Port;. Quim. 11, pp. 153–158.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Donaldson, A.B., and Strasbor, A.C.: 1976, “International Pyrotechnics Seminar, Colorado,” SAND-76-5208.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Carslaw, H.S., and Jaeger, J.C.: 1959, “Conduction of Heat in Solids,” 2nd Ed., Oxford Univ. Press, pp. 345.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Enig, J.W., and Petrone, F.J.: 1970, “Fifth Symposium (International) on Detonation,” pp. 99–104.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kelm, H. (ed.): 1977, “High Pressure Chemistry”, NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. M. Lownds
    • 1
  • R. Hughes
    • 1
  1. 1.Detonation Research Group, ICI Corporate LaboratoryStevenston WorksAyrshireScotland

Personalised recommendations