Photovoltaic Activities Within the United States Electric Utility Industry
Interest in photovoltaic conversion is growing in the United States electric utility industry, stemming from a perception that photo-voltaics (PV) is one of several emerging renewable resource technologies that may contribute to bulk electricity supplies before the turn of the century. The 1980 EPRI Survey of Electric Utility Solar Energy Activities has identified 32 U.S. electric utilities engaged in a total of 48 activities related to PV, with government and/or private financial support.
The Electric Power Research Institute program in PV is aimed primarily at clarification of prospects for large-scale utility applications of PV systems. This program includes major thrusts in (a) electric utility integration assessment, (b) PV hardware research and development, and (c) status assessment and information transfer.
Electric utility acceptance of any emerging technology as a reliable electricity generation alternative will require sufficient time to allow the technology to mature in an orderly manner, and to allow the development of confidence in performance and contributions. This acceptance will require successful resolution of a number of key issues related to (a) primary impacts, such as energy and capacity displacement and revenue requirements; (b) power plant performance evaluation and verification; (c) energy resource assessment and power plant siting; (d) network dynamic interactions and operational impacts; (e) communication and education involving hardware developers, users, the financial and other institutional communities, and the general public.
KeywordsCadmium Transportation Marketing Recrystallization Production Line
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- EPRI reports can be obtained from Research Reports Center, Box 50490, Palo Alto, California, 94303, USA, 415-965-4081.Google Scholar
- o.Electric Utility Solar Energy Activities; 1977 Survey, EPRI Report ER-649-SR; 1978 Survey, EPRI Report ER-966-SR; 1979 Survey, EPRI Report ER-1299-SR; 1980 Survey, available in early 1981.Google Scholar
- o.Requirements Assessment of Photovoltaic Power Plants in Electric Utility Systems, EPRI Report ER 685, 3 Volumes, June 1978, General Electric Company (Research Project 651-1).Google Scholar
- o.Assessment of Distributed Photovoltaic Electric Power Systems, Research Project 1192-1, JBF Scientific Corporation, report available in early 1981.Google Scholar
- o.Perspectives on Utility Central Station Photovoltaic Applications, EPRI Report ER-589-SR, January 1978, Electric Power Research Institute.Google Scholar
- o.Silicon Photovoltaic Cells in TPV Conversion, EPRI Report ER-478, February 1977; EPRI Report ER-633, February 1978; EPRI Report ER-1272, December 1979 (Research Project 790).Google Scholar
- o.Thermophotovoltaic Conversion from Conventional Heat Sources, EPRI Report ER-1262, December 1979, Black and Veatch Consulting Engineers (Research Project 1348-3).Google Scholar
- o.Technical Feasibility and Economic Assessment of Solar Thermophotovoltaic Conversion, Research Project 1415-1, Science Applications, Incorporated, report available in early 1981.Google Scholar
- o.Thin Film Indium Phosphide Photovoltaic Devices Research and Development, Research Project 1193-2, Poly Solar Incorporated, report available in early 1981.Google Scholar
- o.Wind Power Generation Dynamic Impacts on Electric Utility Systems, EPRI Report AP-1614, November 1980, Zaininger Engineering Company (Technical Planning Study 79-775).Google Scholar