Physicians and Society: Tribulations of Power and Responsibility

  • John Ladd
Part of the Philosophy and Medicine book series (PHME, volume 9)


The subject of this essay is the social responsibility of physicians, that is, their responsibility to society as contrasted with their obligations to their patients or their duties to their colleagues. Before turning directly to this subject, however, I should like to make a few general remarks about what I intend to do here.


Social Responsibility Moral Belief Professional Autonomy Power Elite Service Ideal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Aristotle: Nichomachean Ethics, Book I.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bachrach, P. and Baratz, M. S.: 1970, Power and Poverty. Theory and Practice, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barry, B.: 1965, Political Argument, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bledstein, B. J.: 1976, The Culture of Professionalism, Norton, New York.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Brandt, R. S.: 1963, ‘Toward a Credible Form of Utilitarianism’, in G. Nakhnikian and H. Castaneda (eds.), Morality and the Language of Conduct, Wayne State University Press, Detroit.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Downie, R. S.: 1971, Roles and Values, Methuen and Co., London.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Duff, R. S. and Campbell, A. G. M.: 1979, ‘Social Perspectives on Medical Decisions relating to Life and Death’, in J. Ladd (ed.) Ethical Issues relating to Life and Death, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ehrenreich, B. and J.: 1971, The American Health Empire, Random House, New York.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Emmett, D.: 1966, Rules, Roles and Relations, MacMillan, London.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Freidson, E.: 1970, Profession of Medicine, Dodd, Mead and Company, New York.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Freidson, E. (ed.): 1971, The Professions and their Prospects, Sage Publications, Beverly Hills.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fried, C.: 1978, Right and Wrong, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fuchs, V. R.: 1974, Who shall live?, Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Goode, W. J.: 1969, ‘The Theoretical Limits of Professionalization’, in Amitai Etzioni (ed.), The Semi-professions and their Organization, Free Press, New York.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Haydon, G.: 1978, ‘On Being Responsible’, The Philosophical Quarterly 28, 46–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hughes, E. C.: 1965, ‘Professions’, in K. S. Lynn (ed.) The Professions in America, Houghton-Mifflin, Boston.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hume, D.: Treatise of Human Nature, book III, part II, section xii.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Illich, I.: 1976, Medical Nemesis, Pantheon Books, New York.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Johnson, T. E.: 1972, Professions and Power, MacMillan, London.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kant, I.: 1957, Perpetual Peace, Beck, L. W. (trans.) Bobbs-Merrill, Indianapolis.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ladd, J.: 1967, ‘Loyalty’, in Paul Edwards (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, MacMillan, New York.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ladd, J.: 1975, ‘The Ethics of Participation’, in J. Roland Pennock and John Chapman (eds.) Participation in Politics, Atherton-Lieber, New York.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ladd, J.: 1977, ‘Egalitarianism and Elitism in Ethics’, L’Egalitè V, 297–323.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ladd, J.: 1978, ‘Legalism and Medical Ethics’, in Davis, J. W., Hoffmaster, B., and Shorten, S. (eds.), Biomedical Ethics, Humana Press, New York.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ladd, J. (ed.): 1979, Ethical Issues Relating to Life and Death, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Laín Entralgo, P.: 1969, Doctor and Patient, McGraw Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Larson, M. S.: 1977, The Rise of Professionalism, University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lukes, S.: 1974, Power: A Radical View, MacMillan, London.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Mills, C. W.: 1951, White Collar, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Mills, C. W.: 1956, The Power Elite, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mills, C. W.: 1959, The Causes of World War Three, Simon and Schuster, New York.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Moore, W. E.: 1970, The Professions: Roles and Rules, Russell Sage Foundation, New York.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Rawls, J.: 1955, ‘Two Concepts of Rules’, Philosophical Review 64, 3–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Rawls, J.: 1971, A Theory of Justice, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Schneewind, J. B.: 1977, Sidgwick’s Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy, Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Ladd
    • 1
  1. 1.Brown UniversityProvidence, Rhode IslandUSA

Personalised recommendations