Philosophy in Economics pp 175-203 | Cite as

# Testing Statistical Testing

Chapter

## Abstract

At a recent conference on problems in economics the following problem was raised:

This should not be taken to mean that the theory and practice of economics and econometrics is not scientific. It rather points to the need for a greater effort among philosophers to tie their analyses to actual scientific practice. More specifically, it indicates a need for philosophers of science to examine statistical theorizing in science, since inference and explanation in economics is often statistical in nature.Econometricians like to think of themselves as scientists, and their methods as scientific. Students of the philosophy of science, on the other hand, have not had any notable success in relating the formal concepts of scientific method or the logic of scientific explanation and theory construction to either the method or the theory of econometrics [3, p. 238].

### Keywords

Coherence Univer## Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

### References

- [1]Barnard, G. A., ‘The logic of statistical inference’,
*British Journal of the Philosophy of Science***23**(1972), 123–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar - [2]Carnap, R.,
*Logical Foundations of Probability*, 2nd edition, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1962.Google Scholar - [3]Cunnyngham, J., ‘Econometric model construction and predictive testing’, in
*Problems and Issues in Current Econometric Practice*. Ed. K. Brunner, The Ohio State University, Ohio, 1972, pp. 238–261.Google Scholar - [4]Edwards, A. W. F.,
*Likelihood*, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1972.Google Scholar - [5]Fisher, R. A.,
*Statistical Methods and Scientific Inference*, 2nd edition, Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, 1959.Google Scholar - [6]Giere, R. N., ‘Bayesian statistics and biased procedures’,
*Synthese***20**(1969), 371–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar - [7]Godambe, V. P., and Sprott, D. A. (eds.),
*Foundations of Statistical Inference*, Holt, Rinehart and Winston of Canada, Toronto, 1971.Google Scholar - [8]
- [9]Good, I. J., ‘The Bayesian influence, or how to sweep subjectivism under the carpet’, in [12] Harper, W. L., and Hooker, C. A. (eds.),
*Foundations of Probability Theory, Statistical Inference, and Statistical Theories of Science*, Vol.**II**, D. Reidel Publishing Co., Holland, 1976, pp. 125–174.Google Scholar - [10]Goodman, N.,
*Fact, Fiction, and Forecast*, The Bobbs Merrill Company, Inc., New York, 1965.Google Scholar - [11]Hacking, I.,
*Logic of Statistical Inference*, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1965.Google Scholar - [12]Harper, W. L., and Hooker, C. A. (eds.),
*Foundations of Probability Theory, Statistical Inference, and Statistical Theories of Science*, Vol.**II**, D. Reidel Publishing Co., Holland, 1976.Google Scholar - [13]Jaynes, E. T., ‘Confidence intervals vs Bayesian intervals’, in [12] Harper, W. L., and Hooker, C. A. (eds.),
*Foundations of Probability Theory, Statistical Inference, and Statistical Theories of Science*, Vol.**II**, D. Reidel Publishing Co., Holland, 1976, pp. 175–213.Google Scholar - [14]Lieberman, Bernhardt (ed.),
*Contemporary Problems in Statistics*, Oxford University Press, New York, 1971.Google Scholar - [15]Lindley, D. V., The estimation of many parameters’, in [7] Godambe, V. P., and Sprott, D. A. (eds.),
*Foundations of Statistical Inference*, Holt, Rinehart and Winston of Canada, Toronto, 1971, pp. 435–447.Google Scholar - [16]Lindley, D. V., ‘Bayesian statistics’, in [12] Harper, W. L., and Hooker, C. A. (eds.),
*Foundations of Probability Theory, Statistical Inference, and Statistical Theories of Science*, Vol.**II**, D. Reidel Publishing Co., Holland, 1976, pp. 353–362.Google Scholar - [17]Mayo, D.,
*Philosophy of Statistics*, Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1979.Google Scholar - [18]Mood, A. M., Graybill, F. A., and Boes, D. C.,
*Introduction to the Theory of Statistics*, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, 1963.Google Scholar - [19]Morrison, D. E. and Henkel, R. E. (eds.),
*The Significance Test Controversy — A Reader*, Aldine Publishing Company, Chicago, 1970.Google Scholar - [20]Neyman, J.,
*First Course in Probability and Statistics*, Henry Holt, New York, 1950.Google Scholar - [21]Neyman, J. and Pearson, E. S., ‘On the problem of the most efficient tests of statistical hypotheses’,
*Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society***A231**(1933), 289–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar - [22]Rosenkrantz, R., ‘The significance test controversy’,
*Synthese***26**(1973), 304–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar - [23]Savage, L. J.,
*The Foundations of Statistics*, Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1954.Google Scholar

## Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1981